Login | Register
Items in shopping cart: 0 | View
The land of millsHistory talks...
7 Oct 2013 By Branislav Chovan Culture & Society
MILLING has a long history in Slovakia, with significant activity recorded as early as the 13th century. Due to the abundance of rivers and streams, watermills have operated successfully here ever since. In the 19th century there were 4,800 mills in operation, the highest number at any time in the territory’s history.
Initially, only monasteries or religious institutions were allowed to build mills, and later, the nobility. For a landowner, a mill was a significant source of income, as the subjects were obliged to bring their grain to him to be milled, and pay him for it.
Milling was passed down through families. A father would teach his son about the mill’s mechanical operation, as well as how to mill the grain, how to repair the mill and how to build a new mill from scratch. It would have been virtually impossible for someone to become a miller without spending years working in a mill.
Despite the fact that mills could be found in every corner of the country, millers were only rarely associated in guilds. This was because mills were usually located on the outskirts of municipalities, but also because of the low concentration of millers in each settlement. The patron saint of millers is St Catherine, the martyr who was executed by being thrown into the water with a mill wheel tied around her neck.
This postcard from the 1930s shows the watermill in Hrochoť Valley in central Slovakia.
Most read articles
Euro Calculator (Sk30.1260 = 1 EUR)
What influences your travel plans?
Quote of the Week
“If we put there a sack of potatoes for the right, this sack of potatoes would get a better result than Mr Kaník.“ PM Robert Fico responds to the results of the first round of the regional elections, in which Marian Kotleba defeated rightist candidate Ľudovít Kaník (SDKÚ).