Modern language instruction can be a typical activity for outsourcing.
photo: SME - Pavol Funtál
Hewitt Associates recently analysed the HR functions of 50 companies in Europe and North America, looking specifically at the progress they had made over the past 10 years. According to the research, HR has started to move towards a more business-focused role, but has yet to achieve its real vision.
"Many of the problems facing HR departments are associated with HR delivery. An excessive amount of time is often devoted to tasks such as customer service, HR and benefits delivery and general administration, which leaves little time for effective business consulting. HR heads need to look carefully at their delivery arrangements to ensure they maximise efficiency," said Michael Williams, a senior consultant in Hewitt.
He continued: "There are options - HR departments should consider possibilities such as shared service centres, investing in HR technology, employee self-service and outsourcing various functions."
HR outsourcing providers in Slovakia
HR outsourcing in Slovakia has been shaped by the position of HR departments in companies in the country. Until the fall of communism in 1989, HR departments tended to be focused on administration, and human capital was not seen as an important part of a company's resources, according to Miroslav Poliak, a partner with Amrop Jenewein Group (AJG).
This changed with the transition to a market economy and the presence of foreign investors, who brought with them the know-how that was lacking and introduced effective human capital systems.
Foreign investors focused on efficiency, cutting costs, and optimising processes, a process that led naturally to the creation of HR outsourcing in Slovakia. However, the number of qualified and experienced suppliers of top HR services in Slovakia was limited, having started to develop only after 1989 as local start-ups or branches of foreign suppliers.
According to Poliak of AJG, the first HR firms developed partial services such as payroll, recruiting, training and education. Later, particularly after 2000, those services became more integrated, and the firms started providing more complex HR outsourcing.
"Currently, [HR] firms offering complex services in a specific area such as recruitment, training, motivation and others prevail on the market. Very few companies are able to provide complete HR outsourcing as a full replacement for HR departments," Poliak told The Slovak Spectator.
Departments that outsource
The resistance of Slovak companies to using external firms extends beyond HR to other areas well, Poliak noted. Cooperation with an external consultancy firm is often in last place on the list of business strategies.
"Sometimes they discover only at the last moment that a problem could have been solved faster and cheaper with an external partner. Many Slovak managers who have not worked in an international environment do not know that there are specific processes or methods that can be used in specific situations, and that these can be delivered by an external partner," Poliak said.
The AJG executive said that managers often try to do everything on their own or with their own people. "As a result, they don't have time even for their priorities, or they address only their priorities and neglect other activities, which can become dangerous after some time."
Deciding what activities an HR department should outsource and what it should do in-house is difficult. Poliak emphasizes it depends largely on a company's priorities.
If, for example, hiring new employees is a priority in the initial stages of a company, HR department should focus on this activity and outsource activities it does not have time for. If a company is at a stable stage, it should focus more on the quality of human capital and outsource other activities. "However, even this doesn't have to be a general rule," Poliak said.
Gerard Koolen, managing partner of Lugera & Makler, said the greatest weakness of HR departments in Slovakia and elsewhere is that they do not regard themselves as "profit & loss" centres.
"The return on the investments made in HR is difficult to measure and express financially. Companies invest heavily in training, search and selection, job grading, and assessments, but they do not measure the profit on these investments.
"Further, when considering outsourcing an activity, such as personnel leasing or any other HR task, HR managers tend to look at the costs only, and not to consider the possible profits. I think you can only make a wise outsourcing/insourcing decision if you take both sides into consideration," Koolen explained.
Activities that can be outsourced include training, search and selection, payroll, and one-off projects such as assessments, job grading, even personnel leasing for 10-30 percent of the headcount. "If these activities are smartly outsourced, the return on these investments is positive," Koolen said.
Mariana Turanová, a managing consultant with Target Future, said it is usually effective to outsource recruitment, training (not planning but the organisational aspects such as securing teachers, premises, etc), and the salary and payroll agenda. In this way, HR departments have enough time for crucial activities such as gaining and retaining key employees, and supervising the efficiency of their employees.
Ingrid Grebecová, executive director of Trenkwalder Management Partners, added that executive searches for top managers is commonly outsourced because such candidates are usually not offered on the general job market.