WHILE Slovak citizens generally support the influence of the EU on member states, some 80 percent prefer that in tax matters the Slovak government retains absolute sovereignty, while only 17 percent would give the Union a role in deciding on taxes.
The figures come from a survey done across the Union last fall by Eurobarometer, the EU's statistics agency. The Slovak data match results from the UK, where 80 percent of respondents also rejected EU influence on taxes; the ratio was even higher in Finland, Luxemburg, Sweden and Denmark.
Oľga Gyarfášová from the Institute for Public Affairs in Bratislava said the protective feeling shown by Slovaks for their tax system "is a strong rejection for the [EU] notion of tax harmonization and a pat on the back for the tax reform put in place [in 2004] by [former Finance Minister] Ivan Mikloš".
While the average citizen may not understand the details of the reform, Gyarfášová said, "they have grasped that the tax reform was one of the key factors in starting Slovakia's economic engines".
According to the Finance Ministry, the economy should grow this year by 8.1 percent in real terms after record growth of 9.8 percent in the third quarter of 2006.
If the EU's tax harmonization idea were introduced in Slovakia, it would mean higher taxes and fewer foreign investments, said Ondrej Dostál from the euro-sceptic M. R. Štefánik Conservative Institute. "The arguments of unfair tax competition used by the backers of tax harmonization are nothing but attempts by France and Germany to slow the outflow of investments to new members of the EU," Dostál said.
A proposal by the opposition Christian Democrats in October last year to have parliament declare sovereignty over direct taxation was defeated after the parties of the ruling coalition failed to support it.
Ivan Kuhn, author of the Eurobarometer survey in Slovakia, said that the change in government last summer and the fears that the socialist Smer party would re-introduce graduated taxation may have led Slovaks to be more protective of the current system.
The survey also showed balanced expectations regarding the future of the economy, with 30 percent expecting that the economy would worsen this year - the lowest figure since Slovakia joined the EU in 2004, and 28 percent expecting an upturn, the most in three years.
Gyarfášová said the Eurobarometer survey showed that the pessimism for which Slovaks are famous was beginning to lift.
- Tom Nicholson
5. Feb 2007 at 0:00