Spectator on facebook

Spectator on facebook

HISTORY TALKS...

Dobšiná

THIS OLD postcard dating back to the times of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy depicts Dobšiná, a small traditional mining town in Gemer region of east-central Slovakia. Dobšiná was for centuries more or less a German enclave, which existed here until the 18th century.

Click to enlarge.

THIS OLD postcard dating back to the times of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy depicts Dobšiná, a small traditional mining town in Gemer region of east-central Slovakia. Dobšiná was for centuries more or less a German enclave, which existed here until the 18th century. After strict Magyarization was enforced, however, the German community in Dobšiná, as in other parts of Slovakia, fell apart.

In the past, local tilt hammers produced high-quality steel and so it was no accident that during the Anti-Habsburg uprisings of the 18th century it was Dobšiná which supplied swords, cannonballs, and rifle barrels to the rebel armies of György Rákóczi II. When peace was established between the Habsburgs and the rebels, army workshops in the town had to be torn down.

Došiná enjoyed a huge mining boom in the 1860s and 70s. Local cobalt-nickel ores were exported to England and Saxony in particular. The mining industry was so profitable at that time that citizens were exempt from taxes. This is in contrast with current times, when a considerable part of the local population is unemployed.


By Branislav Chovan

The processing of personal data is subject to our Privacy Policy and the Cookie Policy. Before submitting your e-mail address, please make sure to acquaint yourself with these documents.

Top stories

Tom Odell surprised Slovak band in Bratislava Video

The British artist was wearing a T-shirt, presented to him by the Tolstoys, from start to finish at his Bratislava concert.

Tom Odell

El País: Female professor openly fights high gender pay gap in Slovakia

The major Spanish daily portrays Slovakia as one of the EU countries with the highest level of gender inequality through the story of Svetlana Fialová.

5 most significant results of the municipal elections Photo

A slightly higher turnout and more independent candidates. Some results in the municipal elections came as a surprise.