Slovaks often confuse social corporate responsibility with philanthropy and donating to NGOs.
However, there is increasing pressure on companies operating in Slovakia to reflect on their own activities and ask themselves whether they have been socially responsible, said Juraj Kopřiva, spokesman of the Slovenské elektrárne power utility.
The pioneers in the field of corporate social responsibility in Slovakia have been large international corporations that adopted the practice from their mother companies. They are mostly from Anglo-Saxon countries where corporate social responsibility has been practised for decades, Martin Vidan, spokesman of T-Mobile Slovensko, told The Slovak Spectator.
While companies adjust concepts of corporate social responsibility to fit their own operations, they all agree that the basic principles should be based on respect for the local community and environment. Since Slovakia has become a target for substantial foreign investments, the importance of corporate social responsibility has been growing. Some Slovak companies have also been active in helping the community and the environment without being aware that their approach could be referred to as corporate social responsibility, said Vidan.
"Slovaks sometimes confuse social corporate responsibility with philanthropy and donating to NGOs and foundations," said Vidan. "There is much more to it than that though, such as the company's customer-friendly approach."
Vidan said that compared to some EU countries, Slovak customers are not demanding enough. If they considered social responsibility criteria, such as a customer-friendly approach, more when shopping, companies would be under more pressure to meet these criteria.
Some coporate responsibility projects focus on endangered animals.
"The good news is that more and more companies in Slovakia are realising the importance of corporate social responsibility and are defining their own," said Beata Hlavčáková, Orange Slovensko's corporate responsibility manager.
However, Kopřiva said that companies often only make financial contributions to charities but do not try hard enough to fully involve and motivate their employees to think, work, and act in line with corporate responsibility norms in their own lives.
Some companies say that they have been trying to involve employees in the decision-making process when it comes to corporate social responsibility activities and practices.
Regional power distributor Východoslovenská energetika (VSE) conducted an internal survey asking employees about their preferences for the company's corporate responsibility programme, said VSE's spokeswoman Andrea Danihelová.
The company also has an employee support fund, through which employees can grant financial support to projects they contribute to. If an employee takes part in some event or organisation that helps the cultural or social development of the community, it is possible for them to draw money from the fund. Danihelová explained that each employee can take up to three times more than his own contribution, either in the form of funds or volunteer work.
Slovakia's natural gas utility Slovenský Plynárenský Priemysel (SPP) has a similar fund for employees to help them improve the quality of life of the community they live in and increase awareness about corporate philanthropy, said Peter Kamenický, head of the SPP Foundation.
"Many of our employees are interested in helping their communities," he added.
"In Slovakia, corporate social responsibility is strongly oriented towards philanthropy and charity, since these are probably closest to our mentality and our need to be of help," said Hlavčáková of Orange.
Overall, the focus of a company's charitable activities depends on its field of business, but in general companies tend to support programmes for children and youth, disabled people, culture, community development and the environment.
SPP established its SPP Foundation in 2002 to support the development of a civil society. The foundation distributes grants and makes every effort to ensure equal chances, transparency and openness for all applicants, said Kamenický.
Independent commissions decide the winners of the grants and the public has a full access to the results.
Slovenské elektrárne also redefined its corporate responsibility plan last year, when Italian Enel entered the company as its new majority owner.
Kopřiva said that for Slovenské elektrárne, being environmentally friendly does not only mean supporting local projects like building small hydro plants for local communities. This year, Slovenské elektrárne has turned its attention towards the troubled Tatras National Park (TANAP). The company has taken part in a project to save endangered animals living in Slovakia's highest mountains and are also planning more projects in TANAP in the future, such as working to make the Tatras' mountain chalets more ecological, Kopřiva said.
VSE is the fourth biggest employer in eastern Slovakia and provides electricity to more than 600,000 households. Their social responsibility programmes focus on the youth, education and the future, Danihelová told The Slovak Spectator.
Telecommunications companies are focusing their efforts on increasing the digital literacy of chosen target groups.
Slovak Telekom has been supporting projects designed to help teachers, students, the disabled and the needy, as well as supporting unique cultural activities, said Jana Burdová, spokeswoman for Slovak Telekom.
"We focus on people with social handicaps - mostly to help them integrate into society by making IT tools available to them," Burdová told The Slovak Spectator.
Another way to help is by creating partnerships with NGOs, said Vidan.
T-Mobile has been working with the Pontis Foundation, the Slovak Association of the Deaf (ANEPS), Slovakia's Children Foundation, Harmony - the Foundation of Peter Dvorský, the League Against Cancer, the League for Mental Health and the Blind and Visually Impaired Union.
"Long-term help is more effective and a visible result comes only after some time, when the partners adjust to each other," Vidan said.
11. Jun 2007 at 0:00 | Michaela Stanková