BUSINESS BRIEFS

Slovakia back to investment grade

The Standard & Poor's ratings agency on October 30 raised Slovakia to a rating of A minus, returning the country to investment grade three years after it was dropped in 1998, on the basis of its progress in European Union entry negotiations, revitalisation of the bank sector, stabilisation of the economy, interest rates and inflation.

The investment grade puts Slovakia back on par with regional neighbours the Czech Republic and Hungary, and ahead of Poland. Financial market players were caught off-guard by the move, saying they had expected agencies would wait until September 2002 elections before taking a serious look at the country.

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From COVID-19 miracle to apparent resignation to death and dying

The natural reflex of all failed politicians – and their uncritical fan clubs – is to point to cultural or geographical differences between “us” and “them”.

The COVID-19 ward in the University Hospital Martin

Developed at home, the production of Slovakia's COVID-19 vaccine will move abroad

Neuroimmunologist Norbert Žilka oversees the development of the ACvac1 vaccine at Axon Neuroscience.

Norbert Žilka is the director of the Institute of Neuroimmunology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAV) and also the scientific director of Axon Neuroscience.