GETTING the best views of Banská Štiavnica and learning about its military history at the New Castle towering above the surrounding countryside.
Banská Štiavnica - Štiavnické Bane - Počúvadlianske jazero - Počúvadlo - Klastava - Prenčov - Svätý Anton - Banská Štiavnica (50 km).
Surface: paved, light traffic.
Difficulty: medium up to Počúvadlo Lake then more difficult.
Time: about four hours with stops at Počúvadlianske jazero and in Svätý Anton.
BANSKÁ Štiavnica and its surrounding Štiavnické vrchy hills have attracted outsiders for a very long time. In the Middle Ages, the Germans arrived. Then came the Hungarians, followed by Turks and then the Habsburgs. This area obviously had quite a draw, particularly its rich deposits of precious metals.
Today, the UNESCO World Heritage site attracts a different sort of crowd - tourists. These visitors arrive by bus, train, car, and increasingly by foot and bicycle. They come not for gold, but to discover the town's culture, history, educational institutions, technical marvels, architecture, and natural treasures. I chose to hike and cycle this area and experience these riches on my own.
After my arrival, I checked in to a cosy pension at the centrally located Námestie Svätej Trojice (Holly Trinity Square). On my first day, I decided to explore the stunning landscapes around the town, so I rented a bike in the nearby TANADSPORT bike store (Sk500 or đ€12.50 per day) and got going on the Sitnianska cyklotrasa (Sitno bike route). The route follows lightly travelled roads and is quite hilly, but suitable for all types of bikes and riders. In a few minutes, I reached the municipality of Štiavnické Bane (Štiavnica Mines). It was hard to believe that this quiet settlement was a centre of extensive mining activities during the area's heyday in the 18th century. After 45 minutes of pedalling, I was at Počúvadlianske jazero lake.
EXPLORING the town's history.
Although the inviting water in the lake almost begged me to go for a swim or a water bike ride, I had a more ambitious pursuit in mind. I opted instead for a hike up to Mount Sitno, the highest point of the Štiavnické vrchy (1,009 metres). A 45-minute hike takes you to the top of this legendary mountain. The stones at its peak supposedly encase knights: If Slovakia is ever in great peril these knights will once again come alive and save the nation. From an observation tower here, you can see all the way to the Tatras on a clear day.
RELAXING at Počúvadlianske jazero.
Evening found me back in Banská Štiavnica. Because the town lies in the middle of a mountain ring, sunset occurs earlier here than up on the hills. Marked walking paths and hiking trails radiate in all directions straight from the town's centre to the surrounding hills. One only needs to hike a few hundred metres from the town square to get to the countryside. You might consider strolling along the town's higher elevations to witness the magic of late afternoon light playing off the Calvary church and the hilltops while evening is already beginning in the dusky town. Back in the centre, little cafés, restaurants, live music, and other attractions will pull you out into the lamp-lit streets.
By morning, the town is quiet again. I chatted with an English couple while enjoying a sunny breakfast on the terrace of my pension. "This is exactly what we have been looking for," they said. "The town offers a perfect balance of activity and serenity. I would move here right now. Everyone is very pleasant here, but in London, nobody cares."
From the town centre, we walked up to the Starý Zámok (Old Castle). The old castle consists of a fortress on an elevated terrace. Originally planned as a church site, the threat of Turkish raids in the mid-16th century convinced the city's elders to turn the church into a fortress. Today, the castle houses a museum featuring the area's material culture and history.
Narrow paths then led us to the Nový Zámok (New Castle). This castle was a fortified observation tower, built between 1564 and 1571 as part of a system of guard towers and lookout points along the mountains. Guards in these posts tracked the movements of the Turkish military along the flatlands below. For over 150 years, Ottoman armies tried to conquer Banská Štiavnica and its rich gold resources. While battles occasionally took place right at the city gates, the Turks never reached the city centre. However, every unsuccessful raid was accompanied by widespread pillaging of the city's surroundings. Not only will the castle museum explain the military history of the area, but it also offers wonderful views of the city.
I also recommend a visit to the Mining Museum, especially its mineralogy exposition and outdoor exhibits. Here you can explore a 400-year-old mine and learn more about mining technology. The 1.5-kilometre underground exhibit will take you through mineshafts dating from the 17th to the 19th centuries. The mine tour takes two hours, so if you are claustrophobic, stick to the exhibits above ground.
If military history and mining technology are not your cup of tea, I suggest a visit to the town's botanical garden and arboretum, where you will find exotic trees, shrubs, and plants. These spots are affiliated with the town's numerous educational institutions; during the school year, the town is teeming with thousands of students. Soon after their arrival in early September on the 10th and 11th, the students will participate in a unique Štiavnica tradition - the Salamander festival - honouring the town's rich history. The festival's main event is a costumed procession with numerous floats illustrating the legends, work, and life of the town's inhabitants through the ages. Do not miss it.
Recommended accommodation: Kachelman (Sk900 double bed) Grand Hotel Matej (Sk1,500 double bed, breakfast included), and Penzión Príjemný Oddych (Sk1,100 Sk double bed).
|Guides||www.bstiavnica.sk (Stays, Slovak/English guides, active holidays and events)|
|Cycle and hiking tours||www.slovakiagreentours.com|
16. Aug 2004 at 0:00 | Roman Millan with John Sherwood