A RE-ENACTMENT of the coronation and coronation feast of Ferdinand IV was held on September 5 in Hviezdoslavovo Square in Bratislava, in the past called Pressburg in German or Pozsony in Hungarian. During its history Bratislava has been the coronation site for 11 Hungarian kings and queens, including Maria Teresa and Joseph II. After the Ottomans defeated the Hungarian army at the battle of Mohacs in 1526 and besieged its capital city of Buda, large numbers of the Hungarian nobility fled to the present territory of Slovakia and offices of the Hungarian Empire were moved here also. The first coronation took place in Bratislava in 1563 and the last in 1830.
Ferdinand IV was only 13 when he was crowned but he died only seven years later from an infection. His role was played by a 13-year-old Slovak actor, while Slovak dancer Ivana Surovcová was cast as his mother, Maria Anna of Spain, and actor Filip Túma played the role of young Ferdinand’s father, King Ferdinand III.
Hundreds of curious onlookers, both foreign tourists and locals watched the ceremony. In past years the coronation re-enactments were held inside St Martin’s Cathedral but since 2007 they have been offered on the squares and streets of the city centre so that more people can enjoy the ceremony. The coronation procession started at 14:00 from Bratislava Castle and during the re-enactment of the coronation itself, Ferdinand IV received the gilded Hungarian crown of St Stephen from the Archbishop of Esztergom, together with other coronation insignia.
After the newly-crowned king knighted members of the Order of the Golden Spur, he gave an oath to his homeland and promised to keep the country unified. Afterwards, a merry feast in honour of the coronation began in the streets of Bratislava, with jugglers, magicians, musicians and singers, as well as chivalrous knights. The coronation feast continued the next day in Chorvátsky Grob, the SITA newswire wrote.
The actual coronation of Ferdinand IV took place on June 16, 1647, the ČTK newswire wrote, but he died in 1654. Moreover, his coronation was overshadowed by a big fire in the centre of Bratislava that destroyed more than 70 houses. This was the eighth re-enactment of a coronation in Bratislava and they were launched by Peter Čiernik, the previous mayor of Bratislava’s Staré Mesto district.
13. Sep 2010 at 0:00 | Compiled by Zuzana Vilikovská