Spectator on facebook

Spectator on facebook

ITALY HELPED BRING THE SLOVAK POLITICIAN TO PROMINENCE

Bust of Dubček unveiled in Rome

A CITY square in Rome has a new addition: a bust of reformist communist leader Alexander Dubček that is within sight of the building housing the Italian Foreign Affairs Ministry. The Dubček bust was unveiled in a square now called Largo Bratislava – Capitale della Repubblica Slovacca – on January 20 in the presence of top-ranking Italian guests, many of whom knew Dubček personally.

Largo Bratislava in Rome now features a bust of Alexander Dubček. (Source: Courtesy of the Slovak Embassy in Rome)

A CITY square in Rome has a new addition: a bust of reformist communist leader Alexander Dubček that is within sight of the building housing the Italian Foreign Affairs Ministry. The Dubček bust was unveiled in a square now called Largo Bratislava – Capitale della Repubblica Slovacca – on January 20 in the presence of top-ranking Italian guests, many of whom knew Dubček personally.



Italian President Giorgio Napolitano, Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini and other leading representatives of Italian political, economic and social life were present. The Slovak delegation was led by Pavol Hrušovský, Slovakia’s deputy speaker of parliament, representatives of Bratislava City Council and Dubček’s sons, Pavol and Peter. The bronze bust is a work by Slovak sculptor Igor Mosný mounted on a travertine stand.

Dubček is a highly esteemed political figure in Italy. Before the Velvet Revolution, which started in November 1989, the University of Bologna had granted him an honorary doctoral degree for his work advocating human rights.

“It was Italy which lifted the taboo laying on Dubček and keeping him hidden, even non-existent and isolated in Bratislava, for almost 20 years,” Stanislav Vallo, the Slovak Ambassador to Italy, said in a speech at the ceremony explaining the close relationship between Dubček, Italy and Slovakia. “In November 1988, the University of Bologna granted Alexander Dubček an honorary doctoral degree and the Czechoslovak state representatives were forced to allow him to travel to Italy to receive the degree.”

Vallo further quoted a statement made by Dubček in a book by Luciano Antonetti to emphasise why placing his monument in Rome is so justified and how the degree from the Italian university helped Dubček to return to international political prominence. When answering a question by a French journalist about his journey from one capital, Bratislava, to the federal capital of Prague where he became speaker of federal parliament after 1989, Dubček said “the way from Bratislava to Prague was uncomfortable and, in particular, long from both the view of time as well as geography because I travelled first via Rome and Italy”.

“For us it was a great gesture and honour,” Tomáš Zálešák, an adviser to Deputy Speaker Hrušovský, told the TASR newswire after the ceremony.

He added that this is a success in Slovak diplomacy and means further development of contacts between Italy and Slovakia as well as Rome and Bratislava.

It was also during his travel to Rome and Bologna that the deep relationship between Dubček and Italian President Napolitano was born, Vallo added.

It was Napolitano who successfully pressured the Italian Communist Party to condemn the invasion, led by the Soviet Union, of Warsaw Pact troops into Czechoslovakia in August 1968, the ČTK newswire wrote.

The invasion swept away the leadership of the Czechoslovak Communist Party (KSČ) under Dubček. Dubček (1921 – 1992) was one of main leaders of the reformist wing of the KSČ and the principal organiser of the Prague Spring movement. After the reform process was suppressed, Dubček resigned from his top position in the party and was later ousted as a member.

Dubček returned to political life after the fall of the totalitarian regime, becoming the speaker of the new federal parliament. He died in November 1992 from injuries suffered in a car crash.


Top stories

Smer follows a downward trend but may escape oblivion

What does the defeat in regional elections mean for the future of Slovakia’s strongest party?

“How could it be a fiasco when a political party wins most councillors among all parties?” asks PM Robert Fico.

Valorisation mechanism changes

But not everybody is satisfied with some of the latest changes.

My five-year-old daughter will almost certainly encounter a Weinstein too

It’s not that I thought sexually harassing women was okay, it’s more that I accepted that was just part of how things worked. Unfortunate, yes, but also standard.

Harvey Weinstein

Socialism elections were parody of free vote

After the revolution in 1989 the number of people participating in elections fell from 99 percent to around 60 percent.

Elections during socialism regime.