Spectator on facebook

Spectator on facebook

HISTORY TALKS...

Grazing cattle in Nedelište

THIS interesting picture comes from the 1920s and is the work of famous photographer Karol Plicka. It portrays the primitive farmhouses that were the homes of people in the village of Nedelište in central Slovakia.

THIS interesting picture comes from the 1920s and is the work of famous photographer Karol Plicka. It portrays the primitive farmhouses that were the homes of people in the village of Nedelište in central Slovakia.

The village's strange name can be explained by the fact that the land in this cadastral area had not been divided. The village lies at high altitude and the soil was not fertile so the land could be used only for pasture.

From the Middle Ages there were strict rules about how to graze cattle, including for instance, collective grazing that prohibited hiring individual shepherds for flocks. The system of joint grazing enabled easier gathering of information for tax purposes and subsequently simpler taxation for the authorities.

Beef cattle and sheep were primarily bred in Slovakia, with sheep only in the higher elevations. Goats were not favoured for breeding but pigs were bred in western Slovakia, especially in Záhorie region.

Successful cattle traders lived in the municipality of Kúty. They typically bought their cattle in southern parts of Slovakia or in Hungary. From there they drove the animals westwards, towards Austria or Moravia, where they were sold at a profit.

The last of the cattle traders could still be found congregated in Záhorie as late as the 1930s.


Top stories

Robert Fico has lost the electoral magic he once had Plus

But his party can still bounce back if they do the things that make parties resilient.

Robert Fico claims that Smer won the regional elections because it is the party with the most chairs in regional councils.

The ongoing struggle for a free and democratic Slovakia

The people of Slovakia deserve the credit for the remarkable progress that this country has made over the past twenty-five years, US ambassador writes.

Illustrative stock photo

How propaganda has learned to use the truth

The Czech Centre for Investigative Journalism analysed the information war in the Visegrad Group countries.

Migration crisis was one of causes for the rise in conspiracies and fake or hybrid news; illustrative stock photo

New legislation protects creditors from unfair mergers

Fraudulent mergers were a legal business model enabling unfair businesses to get rid of debts

Tightening conditions when merging companies will increase the red tape of lawful mergers and prolong this procedure.