HISTORY TALKS...

Grazing cattle in Nedelište

THIS interesting picture comes from the 1920s and is the work of famous photographer Karol Plicka. It portrays the primitive farmhouses that were the homes of people in the village of Nedelište in central Slovakia.

THIS interesting picture comes from the 1920s and is the work of famous photographer Karol Plicka. It portrays the primitive farmhouses that were the homes of people in the village of Nedelište in central Slovakia.

The village's strange name can be explained by the fact that the land in this cadastral area had not been divided. The village lies at high altitude and the soil was not fertile so the land could be used only for pasture.

From the Middle Ages there were strict rules about how to graze cattle, including for instance, collective grazing that prohibited hiring individual shepherds for flocks. The system of joint grazing enabled easier gathering of information for tax purposes and subsequently simpler taxation for the authorities.

Beef cattle and sheep were primarily bred in Slovakia, with sheep only in the higher elevations. Goats were not favoured for breeding but pigs were bred in western Slovakia, especially in Záhorie region.

Successful cattle traders lived in the municipality of Kúty. They typically bought their cattle in southern parts of Slovakia or in Hungary. From there they drove the animals westwards, towards Austria or Moravia, where they were sold at a profit.

The last of the cattle traders could still be found congregated in Záhorie as late as the 1930s.


Get daily Slovak news directly to your inbox

Top stories

News digest: Some schools open, so do some ski resorts

Top prosecutor to be appointed soon. Zsuzsová goes to prison in a murder case. Pezinok judges are busy deciding about custodies for high-profile suspects.

Some schools will open on December 7

Matovič pushed through testing at schools, government is launching a pilot project this weekend.

PM Igor Matovič (front) and Education Minister Branislav Gröhling  (back)

Freed in the Kuciak murder case, guilty of another murder

The Specialised Criminal Court sends Alena Zsuzsová to prison for ordering the murder of former Hurbanovo mayor. She appealed against the verdict, insists she is innocent.

Alena Zsuzsová is escorted to the courtroom.

Health Ministry gearing up for COVID vaccines

Mass campaign planned to get people to take jab.

Illustrative stock photo