The primary causes of death in Slovakia according to a report coming from the National Programme of Health Support which was recently received by the government have been cardiovascular diseases and cancer, the TASR newswire reported.
The report stated that almost 47 percent of men and more than 60 percent of women died of cardiovascular diseases and that cancer accounted for almost one in four deaths among men and more than one in five among women. TASR wrote that even though the number of deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases had fallen in Slovakia over the five year period of the study, it did not fall as much as in the Czech Republic and Poland.
"Slovakia is still at the tail-end of Europe," states the report.
The number of cancer cases grew in the five-year period. While around 24,000 new cases were registered in 2003, the figure reached more than 25,400 in 2005. Other causes of death mentioned in the report include injuries, murders, suicides and illnesses related to the respiratory and digestive systems.
The number of people suffering from diabetes has almost doubled over the past 20 years. The occurrence of psychiatric illnesses increased as well with the experts reporting that psychiatric disorders are the third most common reason for people to become disabled, making up 40 percent of all chronic illnesses.
Life-expectancy has been increasing in Slovakia but it is still below the EU average. Slovak men lived an average of 71.62 years in 2010, while women lived to 79. The EU average stood at 76 years for men and 82 years for women. Since 2004, the birth rate in Slovakia has been growing slightly and the abortion rate has been going down. Nevertheless, the document states that "natural population growth per 1,000 citizens is in the red".
Compiled by Zuzana Vilikovská from press reports
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