The number of people in Slovakia describing themselves either as ethnic Slovaks or ethnic Hungarians fell between 2001 and 2011, according to the initial results of last year’s census, as presented by the Statistics Office on Wednesday, February 29.
According to Marián Hvorecký, head of the Population Statistics Department, 4,352,775 out of a total population of 5,397,036 described themselves as Slovaks. They thereby make up 80.7 percent of the population, a 5-percent reduction compared to 2001. A total of 458,467 people described themselves as ethnic Hungarians, equivalent to 8.5 percent. The number of people identifying as Hungarian in 2001 was 520,528 people (9.7 percent).
Conversely, the number of people stating they were Roma rose from less than 90,000 (1.7 percent) in 2001 to 106,000 (2 percent) in 2011, said Hvorecky. In terms of ethnic structure, the highest proportion of Slovaks was in Zilina and Trenčín Regions, while the highest proportion of Hungarians was in Nitra and Trnava Regions, both in southern Slovakia. Most people identifying as Roma lived in Prešov, Košice and Banská Bystrica Regions.
Last year's census also confirmed that the Slovak population is ageing, with the number of people under 14 years of age declining from 18.9 percent of the total in 2001 to 15.3 percent in 2011, the TASR newswire reported, citing the head of the Slovak Statistics Office Ľudmila Benkovičová. Conversely, the census showed that the share of economically active people (aged between 15 and 64) increased from 68.9 to 72 percent.
Out of Slovakia's entire population, 12.7 percent of people were aged 65 and older, an increase of 1.3 percentage points when compared to the last census. The number of people living in the country's larger cities remains stable at one quarter of the total population. More Slovaks have a university degree than ten years ago, while 53.8 percent know how to use the internet. The census took place between May 21 and June 6, 2011. All EU member states held a census at around the same time.
Compiled by Zuzana Vilikovská from press reports
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1. Mar 2012 at 10:00