Spectator on facebook

Spectator on facebook

HISTORY TALKS...

Memories of “smoke houses”

IT IS believed that the area in which the municipality of Hruštín lies was not populated until the middle of the 16th century. The first mention of the village dates back to as late as 1584, which is not very surprising considering the harsh climatic conditions in the Orava region.

IT IS believed that the area in which the municipality of Hruštín lies was not populated until the middle of the 16th century. The first mention of the village dates back to as late as 1584, which is not very surprising considering the harsh climatic conditions in the Orava region.

In this postcard by photographer Karol Plicka we see the main street in Hruštín in the 1920s. The houses lining the street are made of wood. Most villages of the Upper (Horná) and White (Biela) Orava still offered such views even years after World War II. The differences in living standards between villages in the Lower (Dolná) and the Upper Orava region were generally quite significant.

Bratislava lawyer Juraj Ďurkovič, who travelled this region in 1803, wrote that in the upper part, many dwellings were downright primitive and often lacked a chimney. The smoke from people’s stoves would thus drift slowly from the houses through tiny windows. In such “smoke houses”, it was common for there to be a layer of smoke hovering one metre below the ceiling, and people had to squat in order to breathe comfortably. Today, you will not find many such houses. However, some can be seen in the open-air museum of Orava Village in Zuberec, where they were actually brought from Hruštín.

Top stories

General Prosecutor filed a motion for the dissolution of ĽSNS

The Slovak Supreme Court received a motion to dissolve the extreme right ĽSNS party founded and led by Marian Kotleba.

Jaromír Čižnár

Russian spies allegedly recruit also Slovaks

They are using martial art clubs in Germany and dozens more in other EU states, in the Western Balkans, and in North America.

Illustrative stock photo

EC scrutinises state aid for Jaguar Photo

There is a question whether the scrutiny may impact the carmaker’s plans to invest in Slovakia.

The construction site of a brand new plant of Jaguar Land Rover near Nitra.

GLOBSEC forum will host guests from 70 countries

The 12th year of the conference will be attended by the highest number of participants in its history.

Slovak President Andrej Kiska gives the opening speech of The Globsec 2016 security conference.