SPECTATOR COLLEGE

Exercise: Generation Y is changing job market

This exercise is linked to the article: Generation Y is changing job market

This exercise is linked to the article: Generation Y is changing job market

Key words: ambitious, company strategy, commute, convinced, constitute, feedback, flexibility, freight carrier, labour market, loyal, overtime, personal development, personnel, predecessor, utility, working environment, workplace

Warm up questions:
1, What kind of occupation would you like to have? Why?
2, What is the most important thing that you would take into consideration when choosing work?
3, What types of employment contracts do we know?
4, What is the labour market?
5, What kinds of professions are popular nowadays?

I Reading – read the text Generation Y is changing the labour market
Decide whether the following statements are true or false.

1, Some members of generation Y are over 30 years old. T - F
2, Generation Y asks for more money than the sector average. T - F
3, Generation Z does not cause difficulties to teachers. T - F.
4, Generation Y is the only one that is influenced by the technological revolution. T - F
5, Previous generations usually stayed with one employer for longer periods. T - F
6, Call centres change employees quite often. T - F
7, Almost 3/4 of Millennials prefer work-life balance to higher salary. T - F
8, More than half of the Millennials would rather be jobless than doing a job they do not like. T-F

II complete the following tasks
1, Write 5 work-related characteristics of Generation Y.
2, Try to write/list 3 advantages and 3 disadvantages of the home office.
3, What is your comprehension of: 'They do not live to work, but rather work to live (well).' Give a practical example.

III Change the quotes into indirect speech:
1, Luboš Sirota told The Slovak Spectator. “They do not live to work, but rather work to live (well).”
2, “They demand higher tolerance for mistakes, as they are convinced that learning from mistakes is natural,” Sirota explained.
3, “Their fluctuation is about seven times higher than that of the older employees,” Slovnaft oil refinery spokesperson Anton Molnár told Sme.
4, “Millennials will constitute the majority of the workforce in just five to six years from now,” said Petter Nylander

IV BOX –
Read the box article about employment contracts and translate these terms into Slovak Find their explanation and explain the difference between numbers 3, 4, 5:
1, Fixed-term employment contract
2, Employment contract for unlimited time
3, an agreement on performing certain tasks
4, an agreement on working activity
5, an agreement on seasonal work for students
6, job description
7, location of the work
8, the starting day
9, the amount of the salary and the date it is paid
10, the number of days off and the notice period for termination of the contract

Answers:
Reading I:
1, Some members of generation Y are over 30 years old. T - F
T, paragraph 1, people born between the early 1980s and the early 2000s
2, Generation Y asks for more money than the sector average. T - f
T, Regarding salaries, they often ask for one which is higher than the average wage in the given sector, Sirota said.
3, Generation Z does not cause difficulties to the teachers T - F.
F, Generations Y and Z are a big challenge for directors, leaders, HR and teachers in every working field.
4, Generation Y is the only one that is influenced by the technological revolution. T - F
F, Generations Y and Z have also been affected and formed by the technological revolution of the last 30 years.
5, Previous generations usually stayed with one employer for longer. T - F
T, Generation Y is not as loyal to only one company, as their predecessors were.
6, Call centres change employees quite often. T - F
T, Jovankovič added that Millennials spend even less time working in call and service centres or tourism.
7, Almost 3/4 of Millennials prefer work-life balance to higher salary. T - F
T, The survey showed that 73 percent of respondents chose work-life balance over a higher salary.
8, More than half of the Millennials would rather be jobless than doing a job they do not like. T - F
F, 42 percent agree or strongly agree they would rather have no job than one they hate.

II, possible answers:
1, Write 4 work-related characteristics of Generation Y
- ambitious, teamwork, caring about the work-life balance, refusing to work overtime, prefer creativity, flexibility, home office
2, Try to write/list 3 advantages and 3 disadvantages of the home office.
Adv: you work when you want, save money and time on travelling, good for a mother with children.
Dis: you are at work all the time – hard to separate work from home, you can lack social contact, communication – sometimes it is better to discuss the things face to face.


BOX
1, zmluva na dobu určitú
2, zmluva na dobu neurčitú
3, dohoda o vykonaní práce
4, dohoda o pracovnej činnosti
5, dohoda o brigádnickej práci študentov
6, druh práce, na ktorý sa zamestnanec prijíma, a jeho stručná charakteristika
7, miesto výkonu práce
8, deň nástupu do práce
9, mzdové podmienky a deň výplaty mzdy
10, počet dní dovolenky a dĺžku výpovednej lehoty pred vypršaním platnosti kontraktu

This exercise is published as part of Spectator College, a programme created by The Slovak Spectator with the support of Petit Academy Foundation and Orange Foundation.

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