Government approves recodification of Civil Code

In the presence of two highest judiciary officials, Judicial Council chair Jana Bajánková and Supreme Court chair Daniela Švecová, the government passed the recodification of the Civil Code on December 17. The ministers approved three civil law codexes that are designed to replace the Civil Code dating back to 1963.

In the presence of two highest judiciary officials, Judicial Council chair Jana Bajánková and Supreme Court chair Daniela Švecová, the government passed the recodification of the Civil Code on December 17.

The ministers approved three civil law codexes that are designed to replace the Civil Code dating back to 1963.

“This is a revolutionary change in the system of how courts operate,” Prime Minister Robert Fico said at a press conference, as quoted by the TASR newswire. Justice Minister Tomáš Borec called the passing of the code a premature Christmas gift for him as well as all people of Slovakia.

The representatives of the judiciary welcomed the codexes some 1,500 paragraphs in changes.The recodification of civil law is a step that will modernise the whole judiciary and has a potential to bolster its trustworthiness, according to Bajánková. “The material approved today has elements of modern, effective and European civil law,” she claimed.

The legislation is scheduled to be submitted to the parliament in January, with Borec planning to provide adequate time for the Constitutional Committee to discuss it.

The new Rules of Court, approved as part of the recodification, unambiguously stipulates the right of public to access the court concerning the environmental protection, according to the Via Iuris law organisation. Via Iuris actively participated in preparing the draft bill and succeeded in this point, Imrich Vozár of the law organisation informed the SITA newswire. Thanks to this, public will be able to sue also the kind of authorities’ decisions that could not have been scrutinised by court before.

The new complex, comprising three new laws, is expected to become effective as late as in July 2016, SITA wrote.

(Source: TASR, SITA)
Compiled by Zuzana Vilikovská from press reports
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