Slovaks simply love horses and would die for them.
One of the most demanding horse races in the world, the 240-kilometre-long East European Endurance Ride, had its finish line in Šamorín, a town located less than 30 kilometres from Bratislava.
The riders used to end at the premises of the local riding club JK Napoli, but the capacity became insufficient as the event grew. This is how the idea to create a completely new premises in the nearby village of Čilistov originated, explains Mário Hoffmann, chair of the board of directors of Istrokapitál, which invested in building the complex, and member of the JK Napoli.
“It is one of the most modern and most comprehensive riding precincts in central Europe,” Hoffmann continued.
The center opened in May 2014 and has been used to hold various horse-racing competitions. As the idea was to “attract riders of world quality”, the owners invited Arno Gego, one of the most eminent figures in international course design, to the project to design the riding area.
“It is like Disneyland for horses and riders,” said Brazilian rider Carlos Ribas.
According to Július Nosko from a riding club in Mlynica, at the foot of the High Tatras, horses are part of a deeply rooted tradition in Slovakia.
“Slovaks, Hungarians and Moravians simply love horses and would die for them,” said Nosko, who has ridden in several countries, including Switzerland, Germany, France, Austria and Great Britain.
He comes from a family devoted to horses. His grandfather, General Július Nosko, was one of the chief representatives of the Slovak National Uprising (1944) and a very good rider.
Horses part of Slovakia's ecosystem
The Muránska Planina National Park offers a unique fusion of wilderness and human development via the breeding of half-wild horses, used mostly in the forestry industry. The local meadows are grazed by the Noriko Murano, a special horse whose breeding has been protected since 1997.
The free range of horses in Muráň is a natural part of the local ecosystem and helps keep the landscape in its current form. .
The origins of breeding horses in Muráň dates back to 1950, when a stud farm was established in Veľká Lúka, near Muráň. It focused on mountainous breeds for use in forestry and the army. The first horse bred in Veľká lúka was the Hucul, which was brought from eastern Slovakia. Later, based on the demands of forestry firms, which wanted stronger and heavier horses, the stud farm started crossbreeding the Hucul with other breeds, particularly the Fjord horse, the Halflinger and the Noriko.
The aim of this crossbreeding, which began in the 1960s, was to create a new breed of Slovak mountain horse. This horse was to have a larger size while retaining the qualities of the Hucul breed. There are currently some 300 horses in Muránska Planina. Tourists visiting the national park can find information about breeding in the tourist information centres and on information boards in Veľká lúka. It is also possible to arrange a ride in a horse-drawn carriage.
Slovak history of horse-breeding
The first major stud farm in the area of present-day Slovakia was established in 1736 in
Kopčany by Francis Stephen of Lorraine, the husband of Maria Theresa, when he moved the stud horses to Slovakia from Saaralbe. In 1765, Maria Theresa declared the site a royal stud farm. In the early 18th century, Kopčany began breeding English thoroughbreds, beginning with about 70 mares and three stallions. Breeding was abolished in 1828, however, and the farm has since closed.
Today’s national centre of breeding is in Topoľčianky, a town 128 kilometres outside Bratislava. It is a state-owned company with one branch of its huge operation based in a complex of stables and paddocks near the local manor house. The entire organisation has around 570 thoroughbred horses, with about 100 foals born every year. It is the only centre in Europe that focuses on four breeds: the Arabian, the Lipizzaner, the Hucul and the Slovak Warmblood.
After World War I, Czechoslovakia was in need of stud farms. With the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, most studhorses were moved to Hungary and only low-
quality stallions remained in the territory of modern Slovakia. Moreover, since the
Stud farms in Slovakia
abolishment of the stud farm in Kopčany, there have been no other such facilities in Slovakia, said Emil Kovalčík of the Topoľčianky stud farm, which was founded in 1921.
The stud farm in Topoľčianky also serves as a training centre in horse breeding and riding for young people and university students. In 2003 it opened an insemination-reproduction centre, offering professional services for the insemination and reproduction of horses. It also serves as a sperm bank for all of Slovakia, Kovalčík said.
Since 1993, Topoľčianky has also organised the international team racing including one, two and four-member teams. Topoľčianky hosted the 2013 World Championship in Pair-Horse, the first world championship in riding disciplines held in Slovakia, according to Kovalčík.
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The Topoľčianky stud farm is visited by about 50,000 people every year, including official state visitors, foreign guests, and tourists. Visitors can see the horses, ride them, take rides in a horse-drawn carriage and visit the hippology exposition, which contains more than 3,000 artefacts on Slovak horse breeding.
Kopčany has not entirely disappeared from the map of horse sites in Slovakia. The riding club from Holíč has started a reconstruction of the complex. While reconstruction is still underway, parts of the complex, including two museums, have been opened to the public.
Kopčany’s stud farm, however, still largely serves as a riding school and stable, with a current capacity of 30 stalls. It is also used by tourists on riding trips who need a place to stay overnight.
Horse-racing in Slovakia
The history of horse-racing in Slovakia dates to 1814, when the first competition of Arabian horses took place in Urmín (today called Mojmírovce). Thanks to the initiative of politician and writer István Szechényi, the first horse race in Bratislava took place in 1826, near today’s Sad Janka Kráľa park.
Currently, about 20 horse-racing events take place in Slovakia, about 15 of which are held at Závodisko (Turf Direktorium), in Bratislava’s Petržalka borough. The facility was established in 1974, though regular horse-racing did not begin until 1979.
The most prestigious horse-racing competitions are the Turf-Gala and the Derby, both held in Petržalka. Part of the Turf-Gala consists of five horse-racing competitions organised since 1979 and usually takes place in June. The Derby is the most important
Horse - racing in Slovakia.
race, established in 1993. It takes place in mid-July and is ran with three-year-old horses, said Ján Valtýni, the racing secretary of Závodisko.
The riding area in Šamorín has already made it to the list of prestigious races, as several competitions are held there during the season, including national championships in show jumping, endurance races and horse racing. Moreover, the World Championship of Young Horses in Endurance Racing was held there in 2014.
The site also offers two roofed halls for show jumping, exterior sand and grass show jumping, a race track and nearly 650 summer and winter stables. The stands hold 2,500 people. Event admission is free to the public.
Polo riding in Slovakia
Slovakia also has its own polo team, whose origins coincide with the creation of the Slovak Association of Polo Riding and Corporex Polo Club in 2005. The Corporex club, is based in Hrubá Borša, about 40 kilometres from Bratislava, and led by Ladislav Agárdi. In 2010 the club changed its name to the Danube Polo Club.
“We are the only farm in Slovakia offering polo,” said Agárdi, himself an active polo player.
The riding club has a full-size training ground in Hrubá Borša, as well as two smaller training grounds, with a total of 12 polo horses and the necessary equipment.
The trainings are open to both beginning and experienced players. The Slovak polo team also attends various competitions, including some abroad, Agárdi said.
In 2012 Agárdi was even awarded by the Argentinean embassy for developing polo in Slovakia.
Riders in western Europe have a slightly different status than riders in Slovakia, according to Nosko, who says that Slovak riders personally invest more care into their horses and do not consider them as part of a business. In Slovakia, a horse still has a kind of emotional value: “People here respect horses and invest love in them,” Noko says.
- Kopčany: Baroque stud farm Štít (Žrebčín Kopčany) (www.zrebcinkopcany.eu)
- Motešice: Stud Farm Motešice (Žrebčín Motešice) (www.furioso.sk)
- Muránska Planina: Veľká Lúka Stud Farm (Žrebčín Veľká Lúka) (www.forestportal.sk)
- Topoľčianky: National Stud Farm (Národný žrebčín) (www.nztopolcianky.sk)
- Bratislava: Závodisko Petržalka (www.zavodisko.sk)
- Hrubá Borša: Danube Polo Club (www.danubepolo.sk)
- Pezinok: Jazdecký areál Rozálka (www.rozalka.sk)
- Senica: Dostihová dráha (www.pdsenica.eu)
- Šamorín: x-bionic sphere (www.x-bionicsphere.com)
- Topoľčianky: Dostihová dráha (www.zavodisko.sk)
Ranches (Horse-back riding)
- Banská Bystrica: Pony Farma Suchý vrch (www.ponyfarma.sk)
- Detvianska Huta: Ranč Haferník (www.ranc-hafernik.estranky.sk)
- Horné Hámre: Jazdecký areál sv. Františka (www.farm.sk)
- Litava: Ranč u Ňuňa (www.rancununa.sk)
- Murán: Jazdecký klub (www.jazdeckyklub.sk)
- Poltár: Ranč Megi (FB: rancmegipt)
- Zvolen: Lunterov ranč (www.lunterovranc.sk)
- Blatné: Areál u Wocha (www.arealuwocha.sk)
- Bratislava: Ranč 4C (www.ranc4c.sk)
- Bratislava: Ranč Lieskovec (FB: Ranč Lieskovec)
- Častá: Margitin dvor (www.margitindvor.sk)
- Gajary: Raj koní (www.plenkall.com/rajkoni/)
- Pezinok: Jazdecký areál Rozálka (www.rozalka.sk)
- Stupava: Butterfly ranč (www.butterflyranc.sk)
- Vištuk: Farma Vištuk (www.farmavistuk.sk)
- Brzotín: Konský dvor (www.konskydvor.sk)
- Medzev - Šugovská dolina: Ranč Šugov (www.rancsugov.sk)
- Pavlovce: Ranč Breziny (www.rancbreziny.wbl.sk)
- Slovenský raj - Hrabušice: Ranč u Trapera (www.rancutrapera.sk)
- Slovenský raj - Stratená: Ranč pod Ostrou skalou (www.ranc-ladova.sk)
- Sobrance - Baltná Polianka: Ranč Nová zem (www.rancnovazem.sk)
- Veľké Raškovce: PD Skarabeus (www.pdskarabeus.sk)
- Vinné: Hipocentrum (www.hipocentrum.sk)
- Žehra - Hodkovce: Biofarma F&A&H (www.ranch-fah.sk)
- Beladice: Ranč Čakýň (www.cakyn.sk)
- Bojná: Ranč pod Babicou (www.babica-bojna.sk)
- Cabaj-Čápor: Ranč Nové Sedlo (www.rancns.sk)
- Čechy: Ranč Trilobit (www.ranctrilobit.sk)
- Nitra: Ranč DD (FB: RancDD)
- Nový Tekov: Ranč u Bobiho (www.bobiranc.sk)
- Hniezdne: Nestville Horses (www.nestvillepark.sk)
- Kežmarok: Ranč Čajka (www.ranc-cajka.sk)
- Komárany: Ranč Sahiba (www.western.wbl.sk)
- Levoča: Odorica (www.odorica.sk)
- Stropkov: Hotel Ondava (www.hotelondava.sk)
- Zborov: Slnečný Majer (www.slnecnymajer.sk)
- Diviaky nad Nitricou: Jazdecký klub Hipo Mačov (www.hipomacov.sk)
- Dubnica nad Váhom: Ranč Lhota (www.ranclhota.sk)
- Kľačno: Osada Dallas (www.osadadallas.sk)
- Lubina: Mini Farma (www.minifarma.sk)
- Nemšová: Gazdovstvo Uhliská (www.uhliska.sk)
- Nitrianske Pravno: Monty ranč (www.montyranc.sk)
- Papradno: Agropenzión Grunt (www.penziongrunt.sk)
- Podkylava: Agropenzión Adam (www.penzion-adam.sk)
- Žabokreky nad Nitrou: Farma u Ďurkových (FB: uDurkovych)
- Dunajský Klátov: Czajlik Ranch (www.czajlikranch.sk)
- Galanta: Ranč na Striebornom jazere (www.rancgalanta.sk)
- Jelka: Ranč u Pala (www.rancupala.sk)
- Kopčany: Žrebčín Kopčany (www.zrebcinkopcany.eu)
- Trnava: Agro Farma Dolina (FB: AgrofarmaDolinaJK)
- Veľké Kostolany: Ranch Roka (ranchroka.webnode.sk)
- Belá: Nižné Kamence Camping Belá (www.campingbela.eu)
- Brezovica: Oravský háj (www.oravskyhaj.sk)
- Brodno: Ranč v Brodne (www.rancpriziline.sk)
- Bystrička: Belkam ranch (www.belkamranch.sk)
- Dlhá nad Oravou: Jazdecký areál Húšť (FB: Jazdecký areál HÚŠŤ)
- Jasenové: Farma Bardy (www.farmabardy.sk)
- Kláštor pod Znievom: Ranch Amadeus (www.ranchamadeus.sk)
- Laskár: Ranč Amadeus (www.ranchamadeus.sk)
- Liptovská Sielnica: Villa Betula (www.villabetula.sk)
- Námestovo: Ranč u Edyho (www.rancuedyho.sk)
- Nesluša: Jazda na koni (FB: Kone u Ivky, Nesluša)
- Rajecké Teplice: Farma Savaja (https://savaja.webnode.sk/)
- Raková: Stajňa Happy Horse Raková (FB: stajnaHappyHorseRakova)
- Ružomberok: Farma Gejdák (www.penziongejdak.sk)
- Ružomberok: Ranč Divočina (www.motelranc.sk)
- Stránske: Farma Prístavky (https://pristavky.weebly.com/)
- Sučany: Ranč Stará teheleň (www.rancstaratehelen.sk)
- Súľov - Hradná: Ranč Súľov (www.sulovkone.sk)
- Turany: Ranč Aljaška (www.rancaljaska.sk)
- Východná: Farma Východná (www.konevovychodnej.sk)