Spectator on facebook

Spectator on facebook

Co-discoverer of Dobšinská ice cave died 115 years ago

GUSTÁV Lang was a police official and hobby caver who co-discovered the Dobšinská Ice Cave. He died 115 years ago.

Dobšinská Ice Cave(Source: Zuzana Vilikovská)

Lang was born on February 8, 1845 in Dobšiná. He trained as a merchant, was a mine entrepreneur for a brief period of time and, from 1884, a town police captain in Dobšiná. His hobby was being in nature and speleology.

In July 1870, he was involved in exploring underground spaces of the Duča hill in the valley of the Hnilec river. A hole was there where local shepherds used to come to cool themselves on hot summers. Thanks to Gustáv Lang and two more helpers, mining engineer Eugen Ruffiny roped down. He found himself in an underground hall, the roof made of colourful rocks and the floor from glittering ice.

The unique cave was opened for the public already one year later, and in 1887 it became the first cave in Europe with electric lighting. Ice appears here in several forms, and the thickness of ice in some places exceeds 25 metres. In 1890, a concert took place in its Great Hall, hailing Archduke Joseph Karl (Habsburg) of Austria.

Since 1893, the cave was well known for summer ice skating. As late as the 1950s, successful Czechoslovak figure skater Karol Divín trained there, the TASR newswire wrote. It is also one of the most important winter sites of bats in Slovakia: 12 species were discovered here.

In 1979, Dobšinská Ice Cave was pronounced a protected natural phenomenon and it became a National Nature Monument. On November 29, 2000 the cave was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List of natural sites and was acknowledged as global unique phenomenon.

The co-discoverer, Gustáv Lang, died on February 23, 1901 in his hometown of Dobšiná.

 

Topic: History talks


Top stories

Gilden: Take the negative and make a positive from it Photo

The works of New York native, photographer Bruce Gilden, who has worked for five decades in the streets of the biggest cities, are on exhibit in the Kunsthalle (House of Arts) in Bratislava.

Bruce Gilden: Feast of San Gennero, Little Italy, 1984.

The ongoing struggle for a free and democratic Slovakia

The people of Slovakia deserve the credit for the remarkable progress that this country has made over the past twenty-five years, US ambassador writes.

Illustrative stock photo

Foreigners: Top 10 events in Bratislava Video

Tips for the top 10 events in the capital between November 24 and December 3, plus regular services in different languages, training, temporary exhibitions and highlights of the year.

Christmas Markets Bratislava

Robert Fico has lost the electoral magic he once had Plus

But his party can still bounce back if they do the things that make parties resilient.

Robert Fico claims that Smer won the regional elections because it is the party with the most chairs in regional councils.