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FAQ: State citizenship of the Slovak Republic

The Slovak Spectator brings you the set of the most frequently asked questions with regard to acquiring and losing Slovak state citizenship.

(Source: Sme)

We have answered the frequently asked questions about residence in Slovakia with the kind help of the Migration Information Centre of the International Organisation for Migration - MIC IOM.

Do you have more questions about Slovak citizenship? Please let us know at spectator@spectator.sk.

Read also more in our section: Frequently asked questions

1. BECOMING A SLOVAK CITIZEN

Do the rules for acquiring Slovak citizenship differ for EU and third country nationals?
What are the basic conditions I need to fulfil in order to be eligible to be granted Slovak citizenship?
What documents do I need to provide when requesting Slovak citizenship?
How much does the process cost and when do I pay? Do I have to pay in the event I am unsuccessful with my citizenship request?
Where do I file my citizenship request?
How is the language testing conducted? Who will test me?
Is there any recommended way to prepare for this exam?
Who will decide about my application?
How long does it take the authorities to decide?
My application was accepted. What do I have to do before I can become a proper citizen?
My request to be granted Slovak citizenship has been turned down. Can I make another request? When?

2. CITIZENSHIP FOR MINORS

I want to get Slovak citizenship for my children too. How do I proceed? Can I ask on their behalf?
What documents do I have to submit when applying for citizenship on behalf of my child?
How do I proceed for my child who is over 14 years old?
My children were born in Slovakia. My spouse is Slovak. Do my children automatically become Slovak citizens?
My children were born in Slovakia. Neither me nor my spouse are Slovak citizens. Do my children become Slovak citizens?
I am a Slovak citizen permanently residing abroad. My children were born in another country. Are they eligible to get Slovak citizenship?

3. I HAVE BEEN GRANTED SLOVAK CITIZENSHIP. WHAT SHOULD I DO NEXT?

Does Slovakia recognise dual citizenship or do I need to give up my former citizenship in order to be able to become a Slovak citizen?
What do I have to do after I am granted Slovak citizenship? Do I have to report it somewhere?

4. LOSING SLOVAK CITIZENSHIP

I am a Slovak citizen and I want to request citizenship of another country. Do I have to give up my Slovak citizenship?
I am a Slovak citizen married to a citizen of another state. We are permanent residents in Slovakia. If I receive the state citizenship of the country of my spouse, do I have to report it to Slovak authorities? Do I lose my Slovak citizenship as a result?
I want to give up my Slovak citizenship. How do I proceed?
What documents do I need to provide when asking to be stripped of my Slovak citizenship?
How much does it cost to give up the Slovak citizenship?

QUESTIONS ANSWERED:

Q: Do the rules for acquiring Slovak citizenship differ for EU and third country nationals?

No, the rules for granting Slovak citizenship are the same for all applicants.

Q: What are the basic conditions I need to fulfil in order to be eligible to be granted Slovak citizenship?

- you have had permanent residence in Slovakia for at least eight years uninterrupted, immediately before filing the request

- you have not been legally convicted for an intentional crime in the five years preceding the request

- you have not been expelled

- you are not the subject of a criminal prosecution

- you are not the subject of an extradition proceeding or wanted based on a European arrest warrant

- you are not the subject of a proceeding concerning administrative expulsion from the country

- you are not the subject of a proceeding concerning withdrawal of asylum

- you can prove your knowledge of Slovak in spoken and written form, and general knowledge about the Slovak Republic

- you are fulfilling the duties of a foreigner living in Slovakia - observing the laws, paying health and social insurance, taxes, payroll taxes, fees, etc.

Q: What documents do I need to provide when requesting Slovak citizenship?

Please note that all documents must be translated into Slovak by a certified, official translator and must be authenticated by means of a consular superlegalization or apostillation (unless an international treaty stipulates otherwise).

- Citizenship application (containing your name, surname, surname at birth, personal number - rodne cislo if applicable, date and place of birth, permanent address, reasons why you are requesting citizenship, date and signature);

- Brief CV;

- Identity document

- Birth certificate (official translation, certified);

- Proof of your marital status (marriage certificate, divorce ruling, death certificate of a deceased spouse) - official translation, certified;

- Proof of your residence in Slovakia;

- Former citizens should also provide proof or written declaration of their latest permanent residence on the territory of Slovakia;

- Criminal record not older than six months, from the state where you are, or in the past was a citizen, and a criminal record from every state in which you resided in the last 15 years (translated and certified if needed).

In some cases, the following documents may also be required:

- Confirmation by the respective tax office, customs office, and municipal office that the applicant has paid all his or her fees and taxes;

- Extract from a Commercial Registry or extract from the Trade Registry

- Statement of the applicant’s employer confirming his/her employment and a copy of the employment contract;

- Confirmation about the public health insurance payments of the applicant and about the period of the public health insurance coverage, issued by the relevant health insurance company;

- Confirmation about the income-tax payments, public health insurance payments, social insurance payments, and payments for the old-age pension contributions, issued by the the applicant's employer;

- Confirmation of study;

- Confirmation of pension receipt;

- Confirmation issued by the Labour Office that the applicant is an unemployed person registered as a jobseeker;

- Confirmation about sufficient income with respect to stay of the foreigner and his/her close persons in the territory of the Slovak Republic, if he/she is voluntarily unemployed (Proven by bank statements).

Q: How much does the process cost and when do I pay? Do I have to pay in the event I am unsuccessful with my citizenship request?

You are required to pay the fee when you accept your citizenship certificate in person at your local district office. The fee is €700.

Children under 15 years old pay €100, young people aged 15-18 pay €150.

Persons who were previously citizens of Slovakia or Czechoslovakia pay €20.

Czech citizens born after January 1, 1993 pay €20.

Persons who had at least one parent with Czechoslovak state citizenship at the time they were born pay €20.

People exempt from the fee: asylum holders, people re-settled from Chernobyl, Ukraine, foreigners older than 65, severely disabled people, citizens who lost their Slovak citizenship after January 1, 1993.

Q: Where do I file my citizenship request?

You have to file your request in person at your respective district office at the regional seat, depending on your place of residence. If you currently do not have residence in Slovakia, you file your application in the office respective to your most recent place of residence in Slovakia. If you have never had residence in Slovakia, you must file your request at the District Office Bratislava. You can also file your request at an embassy or consulate abroad.

Q: How is the language testing conducted? Who will test me?

The authorities will test your skills of Slovak in speaking and writing. The test takes place at your respective district office or at the embassy or consulate where you filed your citizenship request. A commission of three members oversees the test. The commission members are appointed by the head of the office or the ambassador.

Q: Is there any recommended way to prepare for this exam?

The test consists of an interview, during which you will be asked questions about yourself, your family, and questions of a general nature, like history, geography, and politics in Slovakia. You will also be asked to read aloud a randomly chosen article from the press and write a summary of the article within a time limit of 30 minutes. The test is adjusted to the age, education, profession, and health condition of the applicant.

Q: Who will decide about my application?

The Interior Ministry decides about the applications. They might invite you for an interview to clarify some of the information you stated in your application.

Q: How long does it take the authorities to decide?

The Interior Ministry has to decide within 24 months after the application is submitted.

Q: My application was accepted. What do I have to do before I can become a proper citizen?

You will officially become a Slovak citizen when you receive the certificate granting state citizenship of the Slovak Republic. The certificate will be handed to you by your respective district office after you swear the oath of the Slovak citizen. Swearing the oath is necessary to receive citizenship. Persons who are exempt from this requirement are children under 14 years old, people whose health condition does not allow them to do so, and persons who have been stripped of their ability to deal with legal issues.

Q: My request to be granted Slovak citizenship has been turned down. Can I make another request? When?

If the ministry decides not to grant you citizenship, you can file a new request no sooner than two years after the decision on not granting the citizenship becomes effective.

Q: I want to get Slovak citizenship for my children too. How do I proceed? Can I ask on their behalf?

Yes. An application for Slovak citizenship must be submitted on behalf of a minor by his/her parent. If your child is under 14 years old, there is no need for a separate application. You simply add your child to your application. Your child can be granted Slovak citizenship together with you, if he/she meets the condition of the length of his/her stay in Slovakia.

Q: What documents do I have to submit when applying for citizenship on behalf of my child?

· The child’s birth certificate;

· document of the child’s residence in Slovakia (residence card);

· confirmation issued by the competent foreign police department of the child’s residence in Slovakia;

· confirmation of school attendance;

· confirmation of the public health insurance payments and the period of public health insurance coverage, issued by the health insurance company.

If the application for citizenship is submitted only by one parent of the child and the other parent is not submitting the application, a document proving consent of the other parent with his/her authenticated signature must be attached. Such consent may be replaced by a valid court decision. No consent is required if a parent was deprived of his/her parental rights or if his parental rights or legal capacity were limited.

Q: How do I proceed for my child who is over 14 years old?

If a minor is over 14 and under 18 years old, he/she must submit a separate application for Slovak citizenship, signed by a parent. The questionnaire must be signed by both parents. If only one parent signs the questionnaire, a written consent of the other parent including his/her authenticated signature must be attached. Such consent may be replaced by a valid court decision. No consent is required if a parent was deprived of his/her parental rights or if his parental rights or legal capacity were limited.

Q: My children were born in Slovakia. My spouse is Slovak. Do my children automatically become Slovak citizens?

Yes, your children do automatically acquire Slovak citizenship. A child acquires Slovak citizenship by birth if at least one of the child's parents is a Slovak citizen, regardless of his/her place of birth.

Q: My children were born in Slovakia. Neither me nor my spouse are Slovak citizens. Do my children become Slovak citizens?

If neither you nor your spouse are Slovak citizens, your child can acquire Slovak citizenship under certain circumstances:

- if he/she was born in the territory of the Slovak Republic and you and your spouse are stateless, or

- if he/she was born in the territory of the Slovak Republic and he/she did not acquire citizenship of either of you by birth.

If your children acquired the citizenship of you or of your spouse by birth, they do not acquire Slovak citizenship.

Q: I am a Slovak citizen permanently residing abroad. My children were born in another country. Are they eligible to get Slovak citizenship?

If you are a Slovak citizen residing abroad, your child automatically acquires Slovak citizenship by birth. In order to get a Slovak birth certificate for your child, you must apply for Entry in the Special Register.

The application must be submitted at a diplomatic mission of the SR abroad or at a registry office in the district of your permanent (or last permanent) residence. You must attach the child’s birth certificate issued abroad, which must be authenticated (apostille or superlegalization) and officially translated into Slovak and proof of your Slovak citizenship (Slovak passport or Certificate of Slovak citizenship). If you file the application at the diplomatic mission abroad, the administrative fee is €25, otherwise free of charge.

The Special Registry Office will carry out the entry and issue a birth certificate within three months from the day of submitting the application. In reasonable cases, this period may be extended by further three months.

Based on Slovak birth certificate, your child can apply for a Slovak passport.

Q: Does Slovakia recognise dual citizenship or do I need to give up my former citizenship in order to be able to become a Slovak citizen?

You do not need to give up your original citizenship in order to become a Slovak citizen. Exception applies for citizens of the Russian Federation, who are required to give up their Russian citizenship before they can be granted Slovak citizenship.

Q: What do I have to do after I am granted Slovak citizenship? Do I have to report it somewhere?

After you are granted Slovak citizenship, it will be entered in the information system of the Interior Ministry - the Registry of Slovak citizens. This registry can be accessed by authorities like the Social Insurer or other health insurers.

When you become a Slovak citizen, your foreigner’s residence permit is automatically cancelled. You can request your Slovak documents to be issued: the ID and the passport. You should also report at your respective municipal office as a citizen to get permanent residence.

Q: I am a Slovak citizen and I want to request citizenship of another country. Do I have to give up my Slovak citizenship?

Yes, you are required by law to report to the authorities (your respective district office at the regional seat) when you receive citizenship of another country. An exception applies to people who get another country’s citizenship by birth or by marriage. If your parents are citizens of another country, or if your spouse is a citizen of another country, you can request citizenship in that country without losing Slovak citizenship.

Q: I am a Slovak citizen married to a citizen of another state. We are permanent residents in Slovakia. If I receive the state citizenship of the country of my spouse, do I have to report it to Slovak authorities? Do I lose my Slovak citizenship as a result?

No, you do not. The exception in the law applies to you, regardless of the length of your residence in the other country. If you are married up to the day that you are granted the citizenship, you can keep your Slovak citizenship too.

Q: I want to give up my Slovak citizenship. How do I proceed?

You have to request to be stripped of your Slovak citizenship in person at your respective district office at the regional seat or Slovak embassy or consulate.

Q: What documents do I need to provide when asking to be stripped of my Slovak citizenship?

- Official application (that contains name, surname, surname by birth, personal number - rodne cislo, date and place of birth, address of your residence and address of your latest residence in Slovakia, reasons why you are requesting to give up your citizenship, date, signature)

- ID card or passport

- Birth certificate (original or certified copy)

- Proof of your marital status (marriage certificate, decree of divorce, death certificate of a deceased spouse) - translated and certified if needed

- Slovak criminal record not older than six months

- Promise of granting state citizenship of another state or proof that it has already been granted - translated and certified if needed

- Confirmation that you do not owe no taxes and public payments (from your respective tax office, social insurer, health insurer, municipality of your residence)

Q: How much does it cost to give up the Slovak citizenship?

The fee that you have to pay when you file the request is €700. For children under 15 years old the fee is €200, for youth between 15-18 the fee is €350. For those who request to be stripped of Slovak citizenship in order to be granted Czech citizenship pay €20.

We have answered the frequently asked questions about residence in Slovakia with the kind help of the Migration Information Centre of the International Organisation for Migration - MIC IOM.

article_photo(Source: MIC IOM)

Topic: Foreigners in Slovakia


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