Meteorologists are evaluating this summer in Slovakia as highly above normal. The average aberration from the norm for the years 1961-1990 was 2.6 degrees Celsius.
Relatively speaking, the summer was hottest in the western part of the country, where the aberration from the norm exceeded 3 degrees Celsius. It was the coolest in the far north-eastern part of Slovakia.
“This year’s summer ended up as the second to fourth hottest summer since 1951 from most of the analysed meteorological stations,” wrote the Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMÚ) as cited by the TASR newswire.
August was the hottest summer month while this year’s June was the second hottest June in the history of meteorological measurement in Slovakia.
Slovak meteorologists registered a total of 62 tropical days, this summer, i.e. days when the temperature exceeded 30 degrees Celsius as well as 29 tropical nights, i.e. nights when the temperature did not decrease below 20 degrees Celsius.
There were five heat waves with two of them lasting for seven days at least.
The highest temperature of this summer was registered in Senec in early August – 38.8 degrees Celsius. The lowest temperature was measured, excluding mountain regions, in Vernár in mid July – 0.5 degrees Celsius.
This summer in Europe was exceptionally hot and in some regions also dry. Based on data from NASA, the June-August period this year was globally the second and on the northern hemisphere the third hottest since 1880 at least. Europe also ranged among the regions with the biggest aberrations of air temperature. Here the summer in 2017 was the fifth hottest since the beginning of meteorological observations.
Temperature is going up
During the years 1881-2017 the temperature in Slovakia has increased by 1.73 degrees Celsius, the aggregate precipitation decreased by about 0.5 percent and in the south of the country by more than 10 percent. The air humidity and snow cover decreased too. The Environment Ministry concludes this in an up-date to the document, Strategy for Adaptation of the Slovak Republic to Unfavourable Consequences of Climatic Change, on which the ministry is currently working. The Slovak government will discuss the up-date in the spring, the SITA newswire reported.
The ministry estimates that the average temperature in Slovakia will increase by 2-4 degrees Celsius compared with the average of the years 1951-1980, until the middle of the 21st century.