Slovak scientists grace the pages of prestigious journal Nature

Scientists from Slovakia clarified the connection between climate change and the size of floods.

Illustrative stock photoIllustrative stock photo(Source: AP/SITA)

The prestigious journal Nature published the significant discoveries of Slovak scientists, who researched links between climate change and the size of floods, the SITA newswire reported.

The research showed that the change in the size of floods in Europe in the last decades can be ascribed to climate change.

In the middle of climate change

“The influence of climate change is clearly visible here,” confirmed professor Günter Blöschl, head of the research from Vienna University, as quoted by SITA.

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One of the key findings is that “there really are consistent patterns of changes in Europe in size of floods that are in accordance with the predicted impacts of climate change,” Blöschl said, as quoted by SITA. “It suggests that we are somewhere in the middle of climate change,” he added.

Floods are becoming more and more destructive – they cause 100 billion dollars in damage each year all over the world. Until now, it was not clear if and to what extent the changing climate influences the size of the floods.

Water accumulation

According to existing data, it does not seem like there is a clear connection or at least the facts do not confirm it in the biggest areas.

“There has been a suspicion for a long time that climate change influences the size of floods because the warmer atmosphere is capable of accumulating more water,” Blöschl said, as quoted by SITA.

“From previous research, we knew that climate change shifts the timing of floods,or the date floods occur within the year,” Blöschl said, referring to the previously published research results of his team, which have been published in Science magazine.

More Slovaks

About 35 scientific teams cooperated on the research. They collected and analysed data from more than 3,700 measuring stations throughout Europe between 1960 and 2010, explained co-author of the research study and professor Ján Szolga y of the Faculty of Civic Engineering of Slovak University of Technology (STU).

Silvia Kohnová of STU was also a co-author. Another two graduates of Ján Szolgay cooperated with them – Juraj Parajka of the Technical University in Vienna and professor Peter Molnár of ETH in Zurich.

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