Glossary: Science is as wide as the whole universe

Spectator College provides readers who are trying to improve their English with glossaries of useful and frequently used words and expressions from stories published as part of the Spectator College.

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An Atlas V rocket blasts off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station with NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft on September 8, 2016.An Atlas V rocket blasts off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station with NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft on September 8, 2016. (Source: TASR)

As well as this special glossary, which relates to the articles "Fossil fuels damage forest biodiversity in Europe" and "Asteroids approach our planet almost daily. Collision is unlikely", you can find more expressions in our Glossary for politics & business or in the List of names of institutions in English and Slovak.

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abundance [əˈbʌndəns] nadbytok, hojnosť

approach [əˈprəʊtʃ] priblížiť sa

astronomer [əˈstrɒnəmə] astronóm, hvezdár

band [bænd] pásmo, zoskupenie, pás

belt [belt] pás

bleach [bliːtʃ] vybieliť

cataclysm [ˈkætəˌklɪzəm] pohroma, skaza

catalogue [ˈkætəˌlɒg] spisovať, vytvárať zoznam

chiefly [ˈtʃiːflɪ] najmä

collision [kəˈlɪʒən] zrážka, kolízia

colourless [ˈkʌləlɪs] bezfarebný

combustion [kəmˈbʌstʃən] spaľovanie, horenie

compulsory [kəmˈpʌlsərɪ] povinný, nariadený

compute [kəmˈpjuːt] vyrátať, spočítať

debris [ˈdeɪbrɪ] trosky

distinct [dɪˈstɪŋkt] odlišný, iný

diversity [daɪˈvɜːsɪtɪ] rozmanitosť, rôznorodosť

dye [daɪ] farbiť, prefarbiť

estimate [ˈestɪˌmeɪt] odhadnúť, odhad

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expose [ɪkˈspəʊz] odhaliť, odkryť

flatten [ˈflætən] zrovnať so zemou

glucose [ˈgluːkəʊz] glukóza

harmless [ˈhɑːmlɪs] neškodný

harvest [ˈhɑːvɪst] zbierať, ťažiť

hence [hens] a preto, a teda

impact [ˈɪmpækt] dopad, vplyv

incentive [ɪnˈsentɪv] podnet, stimul

mentor [ˈmentɔː] mentor, radca, učiteľ

meteor [ˈhɑːvɪst] meteor

meteorite [ˈmiːtɪəˌraɪt] meteorit

nettle [ˈnetəl] žihľava

nitrogen [ˈnaɪtrədʒən] dusík

observation [ˌɒbzəˈveɪʃən] pozorovanie

obviously [ˈɒbvɪəslɪ] zjavne, zrejme

occur [əˈkɜː] stať sa, prihodiť sa

oscillator [ˈɒsɪˌleɪtər] oscilátor

liquid [ˈlɪkwɪd] kvapalina, tekutina

postdoc [pəʊst dɒk] postdoktorálne štúdium, výskum

principle [ˈprɪnsɪpəl] zásada

probe [prəʊb] sonda

property [ˈprɒpətɪ] vlastnosť, charakter

ramp up [ræmp] zvýšiť, navýšiť

ranking [ˈræŋkɪŋ] rebríček, umiestnenie

replenish [rɪˈplenɪʃ] doplniť

researcher [rɪˈsɜːtʃə] výskumník

soft skills [sɒft skɪls] jemné zručnosti

soil [sɔɪl] pôda, zem

solution [səˈluːʃən] roztok, rozpúšťanie

species [ˈˈspiːʃɪˌiːz] druh (živočíšny)

streak [striːk] stopa, šmuha

task [tɑːsk] úloha

thrive [θraɪv] prosperovať, dariť sa

thyme [taɪm] tymian

uproot [ʌpˈruːt] vyvrátiť, vyhubiť

This glossary is published as part of The Spectator College, a programme designed to support the study and teaching of English in Slovakia, as well as to inspire interest in important public issues among young people.

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