The financial literacy of people in Slovakia is only slowly improving. In the recent financial literacy index, prepared by the OVB Allfinanz company and the 2Muse pollster, the country scored only 62 of 100 points.
While people in Slovakia try to create some savings for their children, they save less money for their own pension, a survey carried out in mid-August 2020 suggests.
Economic status has no impact
The survey showed that in terms of finance, Slovaks believe in themselves more than they in fact know, as the TASR newswire reported.
Economic status has no impact on financial literacy. It was better according to higher education and the size of the municipality. For example, people living in municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants received 7 points more than the rest of the country, while the difference between people with secondary school education without a school-leaving exam and university graduates was 13 points.
Men with the same education, age and place of living as women scored 5 points more on average.
Small pension savings
The survey showed that 70 percent of respondents check their expenses regularly, while probably the same number plans their expenses. More than two-thirds of parents regularly save some €25 a month. Those with lower financial literacy probably save the same sum as those with higher financial education.
On the other hand, only four in 10 respondents think about their retirement savings, and only one-quarter has a saving plan. Of those who have the savings plan, only half is able to regularly follow it.
“Even though the savings rate has been increasing in the past few years, there’s still much to be improved,” said Marta Kľocová, marketing and CRM director of OVB Allfinanz, as quoted by TASR.
The respondents also admitted that after paying all expenses, people usually keep €200 on their account. They can save about half, and only a small portion of this sum goes to retirement savings.
No real idea
Asked about the sum one needs to save to maintain their standard of living during retirement, the respondents stated €81,000. Many respondents do not have a real idea about the amount they will need to improve their situation after retirement, the survey suggests.
People with the lowest level of financial literacy would be happy with savings of €11,500. With the average period of 22 years spent in retirement, estimated by the Council for Budget Responsibility, a person with these savings would receive only €43 a month, OVB Allfinanz said.
Respondents usually discuss retirement savings with their family (64 percent), friends (54 percent) and their financial broker (50 percent). There is not a big difference in trusting in the information they receive.
At the same time, two-thirds of respondents said their financial situation is worse than last year. As much as 23 percent of those with income below €400 talk about the situation worsening. In the group of respondents earning more than €1,500 and the group with income of €600 to €800, it is about one-tenth.
Only 3 percent of respondents earning €1,200-1,500 say their situation has worsened, while 45 percent of them say their situation is even better, TASR wrote.
9. Sep 2020 at 11:33 | Compiled by Spectator staff