Slovakia has a deeply-rooted wine-making tradition and is less known for its beer or spirits.
Nevertheless, this part of the tourism business has undergone a significant leap forward in recent years with more to be expected. A recent boom in reviving old breweries and launching small, new local breweries has made Slovakia a place of interest for beer lovers who are eager to travel far and wide to sample new and different flavours. And a return to growing traditional fruits has led to a revival of local distilleries.
Apart from large brewers, like Pivovar Hurbanovo (Heineken Slovensko) and Pivovary Topvar in Veľký Šariš (SABMiller), which account for some 80 percent of the market, there are also numerous small beer producers. The market share of independent breweries is estimated at just 5 percent, but it is growing. They offer unfiltered, unpasteurised beers, yeast beers, speciality ginger, vanilla, chilli, honey, fruit and coffee beers among other flavours. Numerous plans to open new breweries and brewpubs across the country show this trend is on the rise.
Beer and spirits in Slovakia
“Prospects for development of beer tourism in Slovakia are very good, especially because the tourist is looking for something exceptional,” told Ladislav Kovács, the vice-chairman of the Association of Small Independent Breweries of Slovakia. He believes that a small brewery can provide exactly this: visitors can taste special, locally brewed beers directly in the brewery while experiencing the atmosphere of the place where the beer is brewed. “[The beer enthusiast] is walking between tanks [and] production technologies, and is watching and tasting beer directly from the tanks, while guided by a local specialist.”
The Association of Hotels and Restaurants of the Slovak Republic (ZHR) also sees beer as a promising direction for local gastronomic tourism. Apart from tours of breweries, there are also offers of beer bathing and beer cosmetics, along with accommodation and trips into regions thus far infrequently visited by tourists.
“Nowadays thousands of tourists travel around the globe hunting for regional culinary experiences,” said Soňa Hudecová-Podhorná, a media consultant with ZHR. “There are enough of those who want to get to know beer rarities and thus they collect [experiences in] small breweries.”
Hudecová-Podhorná stressed that local meals and habits always play a role in this kind of tourism. ZHR considers beer tourism a promising trend which could bring to Slovakia a different clientele from those in search of spas, skiing, culture, business and other well-established activities. She added that even though the tradition of small breweries in Slovakia was disrupted – during communism, when all breweries were nationalised and during post-communism when international conglomerates bought up many Slovak-owned breweries – it has seen a gradual revival over the last few years.
“We have so-called restaurant breweries in various corners of the country,” said Hudecová-Podhorná. “This means that the interest of local, but especially foreign, beer tourists is well dispersed in parts of Slovakia, which have otherwise not yet been discovered, or whose image is not so strong.”
The Association of Small Independent Breweries of Slovakia was launched by four breweries: Urpiner, Kaltenecker, Golem in Košice and Perla in Banská Bystrica. Now there are about 40 restaurant and craft breweries across Slovakia, 19 of them are part of association, and more are expected. Some of these breweries are quite new, established within the last few years by beer enthusiasts who grew bored with the unified flavour of beer made by large producers, or by people who view themselves as picking up where the beer-making tradition left off.
Those with a taste for something a bit stronger can try local herbal liquors Demänovka or Tatranský čaj, or other traditional spirits like borovička or slivovica (juniper and plum brandy, respectively). They could also go to Hniezdne near Stará Ľubovňa, to visit Nestville, a brand new distillery that enables visitors to witness the entire production process, and an exhibition explaining distillation practices from the 13th century through today. Nestville is following the tradition of the oldest preserved distillery in Slovakia, dating from the 18th century.
Apart from large industrial distilleries there is a tradition of local small distilleries that produce potent fruit spirits.
“When visiting a family in the countryside, there was always a bottle of [home-made] pálenka (spirit) being put on the table, for example plum brandy, pear brandy, cider brandy, grape brandy or any other brandy made from the fruit of which the biggest harvest was that year,” Július Strnád from the Slovak Association of Farmers’ Distilleries told The Slovak Spectator.
There are about 190 local small distilleries for production of fruit spirits across Slovakia, with those most traditional found in western Slovakia. Small fruit producers bring their fermented plums, apricots, pears, apples, cherries and other fruits to have them distilled. In the north of the country plum, pear and cider brandy are common. In the south, there are apricot, grape or cherry brandies.
“What spirit dominates depends on which region is rich in what fruit,” said Strnád, who sees national competitions as a good place where tourists can taste local fruit spirits. They are held annually in Radimov close to Holíč, Dohňany close to Častá, Giraltovce near Prešov, Komárno as well as Myjava.
The Myjava region is particularly known for small local distilleries, especially for slivovica. While the tradition of these small distilleries declined after the fall of the communist regime, a recent increase in the practice of homegrown fruits is a boon for tourists, too. The region has identified raising and processing of fruit as an enrichment of existing local attractions and launched the Kopaničiarska Ovocno-Destilátová Cesta, the Kopanice Fruit-Distillation Route. Visitors can see local orchards, drying facilities as well as distilleries. A good opportunity to taste local fruit products, including brandy, is to pop into the Gazdovský dvor, Farmer’s Yard or attend Koštovka páleného, the local annual exhibition of spirits held in May, or the Day of Plums held in September.
Pivovarský Hostinec a Minipivovar Richtár Jakub, www.richtarjakub.sk
Patrónsky pivovar, www.patronskypivovar.sk
Bratislavský Meštiansky Pivovar, www.mestianskypivovar.sk
Zámocký pivovar, www.zamockypivovar.sk
Starosloviensky pivovar, www.staroslovienskypivovar.sk
B Stupava: Pivovar Stupavar, www.stupavar.sk
W Senica: Pivovar Štramák, www.stramak.sk
W Trnava: Pivovar Sessler, www.sessler.sk
W Prievaly: Prievalský pivovar, Sandorf; www.sandorf.sk
W Hurbanovo: Pivovar Heineken Slovensko (beer brands: Zlatý Bažant, Corgoň, Martiner), www.heinekenslovensko.sk
C Banská Bystrica: Banskobystrický pivovar (beer brand: Urpiner), www.urpiner.eu
C Vyhne: Pivovar Steiger, www.steiger.sk (tasting tours available)
C Banská Štiavnica: Pivovar Erb, www.pivovarerb.sk
E Košice: Minipivovar GOLEM, www.pivovargolem.sk
E Rožňava: Pivovar Kaltenecker, www.kaltenecker.sk
E Veľký Šariš: Pivovary Topvar (beer brands: Topvar, Šariš, Smädný mních), www.pivovarytopvar.sk
N Poprad: Pivovar Egidius, www.egidius.sk
N Oravský Podzámok: Pivovar Kastelán, www.kastelan.biz
N Martin: Pivovar Victoria, www.pivovarvictoria.sk
N Svit: Podtatranský minipivovar Buntavar, www.buntavar.sk
N Kvačany: Pivovar Brontvai, www.brontvai.sk
April: B Bratislava: Salón piva
May: W Prievaly: Záhorie beer fest
June: B Bratislava: Staromestský Beer Fest
July: W Senica: Štramák fest, E Prešov; Beer fest
August: C Banská Bystrica: Beer fest, W Nové Mesto nad Váhom: Novomestský beer festival, W Trnava: Festival of beer
September: B Bratislava: Salón piva, E Košice; Pivofest
N Kežmarok: Tatranský čaj, www.karloff.sk
N Liptovský Mikuláš: Demänovka, Borovička, www.stn-trade.sk
N Hniezdne: Nestville Park, www.nestvillepark.sk
N Stará Ľubovňa: Borovička, Hruškovica, www.gasfamilia.com
W Partizánske: Organic fruit spirits, www.morgov.sk
W Myjava: Slivovica, www.myjava.sk
W Dolná Krupá: Medovina, www.apimed.sk
Events (spirits tastings)
May: W Myjava: Koštovka páleného (Tasting of organic fruit spirits)
September: W Myjava: Day of Plums