Spectator on facebook

Spectator on facebook

HISTORY TALKS...

The Jews of Nové Mesto nad Váhom

THIS BEAUTIFUL postcard from the 1920s depicts the city of Nové Mesto nad Váhom (which literally means New City on the Váh River).

THIS BEAUTIFUL postcard from the 1920s depicts the city of Nové Mesto nad Váhom (which literally means New City on the Váh River).

The word “new” in its name tells us that a more ancient settlement once existed nearby, as is the case with many Slovak towns and cities. But Nové Mesto nad Váhom’s predecessor was likely destroyed by the Ottomans, and no traces of it have been discovered.

Jews settled in the town as early as in the 13th century, and suffered several fierce pogroms, as elsewhere in Europe.

By the middle of the 19th century, Jews had established most of manufacturing businesses in Nové Mesto nad Váhom.

A spirits factory producing liqueurs and rum was founded by Jozef Kraus, a soap-works by Armín Frieder, a metals producer by Heinz Tauber, and a factory for pitchforks, chains and nails by Adolf Reis. In 1885, a company opened that produced walking sticks for gentlemen from England and India.

The town’s Jewish community was devastated by the Second World War. In 1942, 2,900 Jews were deported from Nové Mesto nad Váhom, and only 112 returned.


The processing of personal data is subject to our Privacy Policy and the Cookie Policy. Before submitting your e-mail address, please make sure to acquaint yourself with these documents.

Top stories

Slovakia is the first country to test a new VAT refund app

Getting money back for buying souvenirs in Slovakia will be easier - there will be an app.

Illustrative Stock Photo

Prosecution has found errancies in criminal files related to self-employed farmers

General prosecutor feels that some prosecutors in the east of Slovakia follow their own conscience and opinion and not valid legislation.

General prosecutor Jaromír Čižnár

Begin afresh

I’m not sure if there is a typical Canadian way to get married.

Homophobic banners attributed to Ján Mrva give rise to criminal complaint

The Bratislava Mayoral candidate denies being behind the banners but has not condemned the contents argues NGO.

Ján Mrva