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FAQ: Non-EU citizens - dealing with immigration authorities

The Slovak Spectator brings you the set of the most frequently asked questions with regard to dealing with immigration authorities, in this case with the Slovakia Border and Alien Police (official name) also known as the Foreigner Police.

Slovak border(Source: Sme)

We have answered the frequently asked questions about residence in Slovakia with the kind help of the Migration Information Centre of the International Organisation for Migration - MIC IOM.

If you are an EU citizen, see the frequently asked questions answered here.

Do you have more questions about residence in Slovakia? Please let us know at spectator@spectator.sk.

BASIC QUESTIONS:
Q: Who is a third country national?
Q: As a third country national, how long can I stay in Slovakia without a residence permit?
Q: Can I request a residence permit outside Slovakia?
Q: Where do I register? Who issues residence permits in Slovakia?

FINDING YOUR IMMIGRATION OFFICE:
Q: Where do I find the immigration office of the Border and Alien Police in Slovakia?
Q: Where do I find the foreign police department in Bratislava? What are the opening hours?
Q: How does the queueing system work at the office in Bratislava and how do I make sure to have my application handled without complications?
Q: What can I do when I have complications at the office?
Q: Am I able to communicate in English at the foreign police office in Bratislava?
Q: When is the busiest time at the Bratislava office?
Q: Do I have precedence in the queue if a young child is with me?

TYPES OF RESIDENCE PERMITS:
Q: When should I request temporary residence?
Q: When should I request permanent residence or permanent residence for five years?
Q: When should I request long-term residence?
Q: When should I request a Blue Card?

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE?
Q: How long does it take to obtain my temporary residence permit in Slovakia?
Q: How long does it take to obtain my 5-year permanent residence in Slovakia?
Q: How long does it take to obtain my temporary residence for an unlimited time?
Q: How long does it take to obtain my long-term residence?

REQUIRED DOCUMENTS AND FEES:
Q: What documents do I need to apply for my residence permit?
Q: Do the required documents need to be submitted in Slovak?
Q: I came to Slovakia to do business. What documents do I need to apply for temporary residence?
Q: I am a foreign student. What documents do I need to prove this purpose of my stay?
Q: I came to Slovakia as a researcher. What documents do I need to apply for temporary residence?
Q: I am employed in Slovakia. What documents do I need to apply for temporary residence?
Q: I am in Slovakia on official duty with a civil unit of armed forces. What documents do I need to apply for temporary residence?
Q: I want to bring my family members to Slovakia. What documents do I need to request temporary residence for them?
Q: What documents do I need to apply for temporary residence for the purpose of special activity? Which activities classify as special activities?
Q:
I have the status of Slovak living abroad. What documents do I need to request temporary residence in Slovakia?
Q: I have long-term residence in another EU member state. What documents do I need to get temporary residence in Slovakia?
Q: How do I prove my integrity? What are the requirements of the criminal record?
Q: What documents do I need to prove I have accommodation during my stay?
Q: How do I prove I have sufficient finances to cover my stay?
Q: How much does it cost to register for residence in Slovakia?
Q: How do I obtain confirmation that I do not suffer from any disease endangering public health?

RESIDING IN SLOVAKIA:
Q: What do I have to do after I am granted temporary residence in Slovakia?
Q: On what grounds can the authorities refuse to issue a residence permit for me?
Q: I’ve got temporary residence permit in Slovakia and I want to travel abroad. Do I need to report my stay?
Q: I got married or divorced. Do I need to report that to the authorities?
Q:My child was born during my stay in Slovakia. Do I need to register the newborn?
Q: Do I need to carry my residence permit card with me at all times?
Q: My passport is about to expire. What do I do?
Q: What do I do if I need to prolong my residence permit in Slovakia?
Q: Is there any emergency Visa for those who their resident permit is expired and they have not received the new one?

QUESTIONS ANSWERED:

Who is a third country national?
A third country national is anyone who is neither a citizen of the Slovak Republic nor of the European Union, or a person without citizenship.

As a third country national how long can I stay in Slovakia without a residence permit?
If you are the national of a country whose citizens need a visa to enter the Schengen Area, you can stay in Slovakia for as long as your visa is valid. If you have a visa for one year, or several years, and it states that it is valid for multiple entries within 90 days, it means that you can enter Schengen several times in half a year, but your cumulated stay should not exceed 90 days total over the course of 180 days.
If you are from a country with a visa-free regime with Slovakia, you can stay in Slovakia for up to 90 days over 180 days without registering for a temporary or permanent residence with the Slovak authorities. You need to leave the Schengen Zone after the 90th day for 90 days to be able to return again.
If you are not registered as a resident in Slovakia, you cannot pursue gainful activities in the country. Exceptions apply, such as for people who were sent to Slovakia for business reasons by their employer who is based in another EU member state, to provide services on behalf of an employer.
For states who have signed a bilateral treaty on a visa-free regime with Slovakia (
US, South Korea, Chile), two regimes apply. The Schengen visa regime and the bilateral visa-free regime.
Special rules apply for US citizens with a valid US passport. They can enter and stay in Slovakia within two separate visa-free regimes: the visa-free regime between the EU and the US (90 days within any 180-day period); and the visa-free regime based on the bilateral treaty between Slovakia and the US (90 days within 6 months). This means that a US citizen is obliged to leave Slovakia after 90 days in the country. Please note that you need to be able to prove when and where you entered Slovak territory when asked by the police. As proof, you need stamps in your passport stating your entry to the country, and the form “notice on the stay of a foreigner” - see the form here.
Your stay in Slovakia counts towards the 90-day limit you are allowed to be in the Schengen. Travelling to another Schengen country does not reset to another 90-day stay.
Visa-free regime does not mean you visit Austria for a day and then return to Slovakia to start another 90-day stay. You are allowed to stay in the country for a maximum 90 days in the past 180 days, and
you need to be able to prove it.
For more information on visa please see the website of MIC IOM.

Can I request a residence permit outside Slovakia?
Third country nationals who require a visa to be able to enter Slovakia register fora residence permit at the Slovak embassy or consulate in their home country. Third country nationals who do not need a visa to enter Slovakia can register either at the Slovak embassy in their home country or with the immigration authorities after their arrival to Slovakia.

Where do I register? Who issues residence permits in Slovakia?
In Slovakia, the Alien Police Department acts as the immigration authority and receives residence permit requests. You can request the residence permit here if you can legally enter Slovakia without a visa.
Otherwise, you need to request your temporary residence permit at Slovakia’s diplomatic mission in the country of your residence or the country where your travel document was issued or where you have permanent residence. Your request is then passed on to the respective Alien Police department that will decide on your request and issue your residence permit.
Requesting residence based on a Schengen visa issued by a EU country other than Slovakia might prove problematic, as more investigation will take place. That visa is usually issued for the purposes of tourism, and the Alien Police investigates why the country has issued it. It is much more desirable to have a Schengen visa issued by Slovakia.

Where do I find the immigration office of the Border and Alien Police in Slovakia?
You need to register at the department of the Border and Alien Police respective to your place of residence in Slovakia. The addresses of the departments can be found here.
The division of districts among the departments does not always match Slovakia’s official administrative division into regions and districts. The departments cover the districts of Slovakia as follows:
Bratislava office:
all districts of Bratislava
Dunajská Streda office: Dunajská Streda, Galanta, Senec
Trnava office: Trnava, Malacky, Pezinok, Piešťany, Senica, Skalica
Nitra office: Nitra, Hlohovec, Partizánske, Topolčany, Zlaté Moravce
Nové Zámky office: Nové Zámky, Komárno, Levice, Šaľa
Trenčín office: Trenčín, Myjava, Nové Mesto nad Váhom, Bánovce nad Bebravou, Ilava, Považská Bystrica, Prievidza, Púchov
Banská Bystrica office: Banská Bystrica, Banská Štiavnica, Brezno, Detva, Zvolen, Žarnovica, Žiar nad Hronom, Krupina
Rimavská Sobota office: Rimavská Sobota, Lučenec, Poltár, Revúca, Veľký Krtíš
Žilina office: Žilina, Bytča, Čadca, Martin, Turčianske Teplice, Kysucké Nové Mesto, Ružomberok, Dolný Kubín, Liptovský Mikuláš, Námestovo, Tvrdošín
Košice office: Košice I., II., III., IV., Košice – okolie, Gelnica, Spišská Nová Ves, Rožňava
Michalovce office: Michalovce, Sobrance, Trebišov, Humenné, Snina, Medzilaborce
Prešov office: Prešov, Bardejov, Sabinov, Stará Ľubovňa, Poprad, Poprad, Kežmarok, Levoča, Stropkov, Svidník, Vranov nad Topľou

Where do I find the foreign police department in Bratislava? What are the opening hours?
The office is at Hrobákova 44 in the Petržalka district.
Nearest bus stops: Bradáčova (lines 83, 92, 95, 99, 192), or Hrobákova (68, 83, 92, 95, 96, 192, 196)
In 2016, a client centre was opened in Bratislava to handle most of the issues citizens need to deal with. The Alien Police department however is not part of this centre. It is expected to move to a new location soon, possibly in the course of 2016.

How does the queueing system work at the office in Bratislava and how do I make sure to have my application handled without complications?
The office is located in two buildings, one handles EU citizens and another one third country nationals. There is a queueing system machine issuing numbers. The office has been notorious for long queues and people queueing there early in the morning. The management of the Alien Police now claim, however, that if you manage to get a number from the queueing machine, you should get your turn on the same day.
When a police officer dealing with your application finds there is something missing in your documentation, make sure to have them look at all the documents, to make sure that there are no more lacking. That way you avoid multiple unnecessary trips to the office. If there are things you need to remedy in your application, the police officer should give you a checklist of documents where the missing documents should be marked.

What can I do when I have complication at the office?
There is a number of a helpline displayed on a notice board in the office where you can call to get advice in English.

Am I able to communicate in English at the foreign police office in Bratislava?
Foreignershave repeatedly complained of the officers’ lack of English language skills. There should always be at least one officer at each shift who speaks English.

When is the busiest time at the Bratislava office?
Early mornings at the start of office hours tends to be the busiest time. You might be able to get your turn faster later in the day. Also, the start of the academic year in September and early October is a busy time in general, because that is when most foreign students handle their applications.

Do I have precedence in the queue if a young child is with me?
Yes, you do have precedence if a young child is queuing with you. Children only need to be present for certain processes, like taking biometric data. In many cases, they do not need to be at the immigration office in-person and can be represented by parents.

When should I request temporary residence?
You can request temporary residence if you fulfill one of the reasons for granting temporary stay in Slovakia. You will be considered if you prove one of the following reasons:I want to dobusiness in Slovakia (trade licence or founding a company)
  • I want to beemployed in Slovakia (full-time or seasonal work)

  • I want tostudy in Slovakia (secondary school, university, language study)

  • I want to join myfamily (if your spouse or your parent has temporary residence in Slovakia. This applies to an underaged child, a spouse, or a dependent parent of the person who has residence in Slovakia)

  • I want to pursue one of the listedspecial activities (sports, lecturing, arts, volunteering)

  • I want to doresearch based on a hosting agreement

  • I have the official status ofa Slovak living abroad

  • I am aresident in another EU member state and want to temporarily move to Slovakia

More information can also be found at the MIC IOM website.

Should I request permanent residence or permanent residence for five years?
If you marry a Slovak national with permanent residence in Slovakia, or if you are a dependent direct relative of a Slovak national with permanent residence in Slovakia, you are entitled to get permanent residence for five years.
Four years after receiving permanent residence for five years you can request permanent residence for unlimited time.

When should I request long-term residence?
You can request long-term residence after you have resided:

  • Five years in Slovakia without interruption immediately before requesting long-term residence

  • If you havea Blue Card, five years in any one or more EU member states, out of which the last two are in Slovakia

Authorities can cancel your long-term residence if you were granted long-term residence in another EU member state, or if you stayed outside Slovakia for six years or more, or if you stayed more than 12 consecutive months outside EU member states.

When should I request a Blue Card? How can I request a Blue Card and what are the advantages of this kind of work permit?
The Blue Card is an approved EU-wide work permit allowing highly skilled non-EU citizens to work and live in any country within the EU, except Denmark, Ireland and the UK. You can request the Blue Card in Slovakia if you have a work contract or a binding job offer with a salary of at least 1.5 times the average gross annual salary in the Slovak economy.
The Blue Card works as a temporary residence permit and is issued for the period of your work contract, minimum one year and maximum three years. It is meant for highly-qualified job positions (requiring a university degree).
The process of deciding on the request for a Blue Card is very similar to the process of acquiring temporary residence in Slovakia. The advantage of the Blue Card is that the process takes
only 30 days in contrast to the 90 days of the temporary residence permit.
The Blue Card request however must contain the document proving your degree has been recognised by the Slovak authorities.

How long does it take to obtain my temporary residence permit in Slovakia?
The police have 90 days to decide on your temporary residence request since you deliver your request complete with all the necessary documents. This period can however be shortened to only 30 days in these cases: you are requesting temporary residence for the purpose of studying in Slovakia, for the purpose of a special activity, for the purpose of research and development, or if you have the status of a Slovak living abroad. You can also have your application processes faster if you represent or work for a foreign investor and at the same time you are a citizen of an OECD member state. In that case the application procedure is 30 days for you as well as for your spouse and children, as long as they are single and younger than 18 years of age. The 30-day limit also applies to the request for a Blue Card.

How long does it take to obtain my 5-year permanent residence in Slovakia?
The application is handled within 90 days from when the request is delivered, complete with all the required documentation. An exception applies to third country nationals who represent or work for an important foreign investor (30 days), as well as their dependants.

How long does it take to obtain my temporary residence for an unlimited time?
The application is handled within 90 days from when the request is delivered, complete with all the required documentation. An exception applies to third country nationals who represent or work for an important foreign investor (30 days), as well as their children and spouse.

How long does it take to obtain my long-term residence?
The application is handled within 90 days from when the request is delivered, complete with all the required documentation.

What documents do I need to apply for my residence permit?
To request temporary residence in Slovakia, at the diplomatic mission of Slovakia in your country of residence, or directly at the Alien Police Department in Slovakia (if you already legally reside in Slovakia), you need to submit these documents:
- filled in
application form
- 2 identical colour photos (3 x 3.5 cm)
-
Administrative Fee (as required for the relevant type of residence)
- Valid passport
- Document proving the purpose of residence (see more details for the stay for purpose of: business, studies, employment, research and development, official duty, family reunion, special activities, status of Slovaks living abroad)
- Document proving clear criminal record

- Documents onaccommodation
- Documents provingfinancial coverage

Do the required documents need to be submitted in Slovak?
Yes, all applications and documents you submit need to be officially translated into Slovak by a translator who has official credentials. Only documents in Czech do not need to be translated. Also authorised translation into Czech language is valid, but needs to be accompanied with a document issued by the consulate that confirms the translation has been made by an authorised person.
Also, the documents need to be
apostilled or superlegalised. This does not apply to documents issued by authorities of France, Austria, and the Czech Republic.
Apostille is required for documents issued by authorities of countries that are members of the Hague Apostille Convention. For all other countries the documents need to be superlegalised.
Most documents must not be older than 90 days.

I came to Slovakia to do business. What documents do I need to prove this purpose of my stay?
You need to submit your business plan, your business licence or a document that confirms you have the business licence of a third country national (this means: certificate of your business licence if you are from an OECD member state, certificate of your business licence along with the registration into the Business Register if you come from a country that is not an OECD member state).
The documents must not be older than 90 days.

I am a foreign student. What documents do I need to prove this purpose of my stay?
You need to submit the confirmation of the respective state administration body or the school about being admitted to a study programme, or a confirmation from the organisation that administratively handles the programmes approved by the Slovak government (e.g. SAIA).

I came to Slovakia as a researcher. What documents do I need to apply for temporary residence?
You need to submit the agreement on hosting from your university or research institute.

I am employed in Slovakia. What documents do I need to apply for temporary residence?
You need to submit the work contract or a binding job offer (written promise of the employer to give you the job), and your diploma ( apostilled or superlegalised) or a document that proves your education has been recognised by Slovak authorities. The documents should not be older than 90 days.

I am in Slovakia on official duty with a civil unit of armed forces. What documents do I need to apply for temporary residence?
You need to submit your individual or collective order to move with the armed forces.

I want to bring my family members to Slovakia. What documents do I need to request temporary residence for them?
Depending on the relative in question, you need to submit:
For spouses - marriage certificate and spouse’s proof of residence in Slovakia
For single minors under 18 years of age - birth certificate of child, proof of residence of the parent of the child in Slovakia, an affidavit of the parent of the child that the child is single, and the written consent of the second parent of the child who has the right to meet with the child
For a single parent of a foreigner living in Slovakia - birth certificate of the child and proof of the child’s residence in Slovakia, a document proving that the parent is single (e.g. death certificate of the late spouse) and a document proving that the parent is dependent on the child (e.g. medical certificate stating that the health condition of the parent necessarily required the care of another person, and an affidavit stating that in the country where they come from they receive no appropriate family support).
The documents shall not be older than 90 days.

What documents do I need to apply for temporary residence for the purpose of a special activity? Which activities classify as special activities?
Special activities include for instance lecturing, arts, sports, and journalism, but also internships, traineeships, and volunteering.
Depending on the activity you are engaged in, you need to submit the following document, which should not be older than
90 days:
confirmation from the school or other educational institution about the performance of lecturing activities, or
confirmation from the ministry or another state authority about your artistic activity, or
confirmation from the sports organisation or competent state administration authority in case of sporting activity, or
confirmation from the non-governmental organization about the performance of volunteering activities, or
confirmation from the competent state administration authority about the performance of activities of a journalist accredited in the Slovak republic or document on the accreditation of a journalist active in the Slovak republic.

I have the status of a Slovak living abroad. What documents do I need to request temporary residence in Slovakia?
You need to submit your certificate of a Slovak living abroad. Unlike most documents required in the procedure, this document may be older than 90 days.

I have long-term residence in another EU member state. What documents do I need to get temporary residence in Slovakia?
You need to submit all the documents stated above, plus your long-term residence permit issued by another EU member state, which may be older than 90 days , and your work contract or binding job offer (a written promise of the potential employer to employ you) or the confirmation from a competent state administration authority, school or other accredited institution that they accept you for studies or professional training. You also need to submit a document proving the purpose of your stay (as specified in the questions above).
The Alien Police Department or the diplomatic mission that processes your application may request you to submit your proof of integrity, not older than 90 days, from the EU member state where you have your long-term residence, as well as from the EU member state that issued your residence permit.
If your country of origin does not issue such extracts, you can also submit an equivalent of the document issued by a judicial or administrative authority of your country of origin, or an affidavit, which you have to make at a competent judicial or administrative authority or at a notary of your country of origin or of the place of your last residence.

How do I prove my integrity? What are the requirements of the criminal record?
You need to prove you have a clean criminal record. The documents you need are the following:
a Criminal Registry Extract from your country of origin and
a Criminal Registry Extract from the country where you resided in the last 3 years for more than 90 days during 6 consecutive months.
If your country of origin does not issue such extracts, you can also submit an equivalent of the document issued by a judicial or administrative authority of your country of origin, or an affidavit, which you have to make at a competent judicial or administrative authority or at a notary of your country of origin or of the place of your last residence. Please note that this is possible
only if your country of origin does not issue criminal registry extracts, which is not the case of the USA.
Submitting the Criminal Registry Extract on time has proved a problem especially for US citizens in the past, since it might be a lengthy process to obtain the extract from the FBI. You are therefore advised to request the Criminal Registry Extract well in advance, if you have such possibility.
Proof of clear criminal record must document a clear criminal record in the whole territory of the country that has issued the document (e.g. in the case of USA, a Federal Identification Record extract issued by the FBI is required; a national Identification Record valid only for the territory of one state is not sufficient).
You do not need to prove a clear criminal record if:
you are applying for temporary residence as a secondary school student;
You are applying for temporary residence for the purpose of performing professional duties by civilian units of the armed forces;
you have acknowledged a long-term residence in another EU member state;
you are younger than 14 years of age; or
you are a Slovak Living Abroad, if submitting the application within 60 days from the issuance of the certificate of a Slovak Living Abroad
The Criminal Registry Extract is not required even within a change of purpose or type of residence, in case you had submitted it together with the application for granting your previous residence.
Additional information can be found at
MIC IOM website.

What documents do I need to prove I have accommodation during my stay?
-if you’re renting an apartment, then your rental contract
-if you own the property where you live in Slovakia, then an ownership certificate
-If you are staying with a friend/relative, a statutory declaration of the person who owns the property you are staying with that they agree to your stay. The signature on the declaration must be officially verified (by a notary or a municipal office) and supplemented with that person’s ownership certificate to the property.

How do I prove I have sufficient finances to cover my stay?
Stay of a foreign national in Slovakia must be financially covered in the amount of a statutory life minimum for each month of your residence (until June 30, 2016 the sum of the statutory life minimum is EUR 198.09/month). If the length of stay exceeds a period of one year, it is required to prove financial coverage in the amount of 12 times the statutory life minimum (until July 2015 this equals to EUR 2377.08). Financial coverage may be proven, for example, either by submitting a bank account balance confirmation in the name of the foreign national from a bank in the territory of Slovakia or from a bank in the country of origin of the foreign national (if the account is in a freely convertible currency) translated by a certified translator into Slovak, or a confirmation from an employer on the amount of the agreed monthly salary. This is not applicable to a foreign national who is applying for temporary residence for the purpose of performing professional duties by civilian units of armed forces and a foreign national with acknowledged status of a Slovak Living Abroad. A foreign national applying for temporary residence for the purpose of business must also prove financial resources to cover business activities by a business bank account balance confirmation amounting to 20 times the statutory life minimum in the case of a sole trader and amounting to 100 times the statutory life minimum in the case of an executive of a commercial company. Within 60 days from collecting the temporary residence document, the foreign national must also submit a Commercial Registry Extract, if entry in the Commercial Registry is required (this period may be extended by 60 days upon request of the foreign national).

How much does it cost to register for residence in Slovakia?
The fee depends on the purpose of your stay in Slovakia and on whether you request it at a diplomatic mission or directly with the Alien Police in Slovakia. Some cases are exempt from paying the administrative fee - please consult this in advance.
Fees to be paid for the residence permit for the purpose of:
- business: €232 at the Alien Police Department or €240 at diplomatic mission of Slovakia
- employment: €165.50 or €170
- seasonal employment: €33 or €35
- special activities: €99.50 or €100
- family reunion: €132.50 or €135
- performing professional duties by civilian units of the armed forces: €66 or €70
- Blue Card: €165.50 or €170
- third country national who has the status of a person with long term residence in another EU
- member state and is conducting business activities in Slovakia: €232 or €240
- third country national who has the status of a person with long term residence in another EU
- member state and is employed in Slovakia: €165,50 or €170
- third country national who has the status of a person with long term residence in another EU member state and is performing special activities or research and development in Slovakia: €99,50 or €100
- third country national who has the status of a person with long term residence in another
- member state, who is a family member of a third country national who has the status of a person with long term residence and the family existed in another EU member state: €132,50 or €135

How do I obtain confirmation that I do not suffer from any disease endangering public health?
You are required to submit this confirmation from an accepted medical centre (see below) within 30 days from the day you obtain your residence permit. You are exempt from this requirement
if you are in Slovakia on official duty with a civil unit of armed forces or
have the status of Slovak living abroad or
have long-term residence in another EU member state or
if you are only changing the type or purpose of your stay in the country.

Only medical documents from the following institutions are accepted:
Bratislava region:
- Poliklinika cudzokrajných chorôb, ZAMA s. r. o., Americké námestie 3, 811 08 Bratislava,
- Inštitút očkovania a cestovnej medicíny s. r. o., Teslova 33, 821 02 Bratislava.

Nitra region
- Infekčná klinika, ambulancia pre cudzokrajné choroby Fakultnej nemocnice Nitra, Špitálska 6, 949 01 Nitra.
Trenčín region
- Ambulancia infektológie a tropickej medicíny Spoločnosti INF TROP-MED s. r. o., Nábrežná 5, 971 01 Prievidza.
Žilina region
- Klinika infektológie a cestovnej medicíny Univerzitnej nemocnice Martin, Kollárova2, 036 01 Martin,
- Inštitút očkovania a cestovnej medicíny s. r. o., ŽILPO s. r. o., Vysokoškolákov 31, 010 01 Žilina.

Košice region
- Klinika infektológie a cestovnej medicíny Univerzitnej nemocnice L. Pasteura, Rastislavova 43, 040 01 Košice.
Banská Bystrica region
- Ambulancia cestovnej medicíny pri Infekčnom oddelení Fakultnej nemocnice s poliklinikou F. D. Roosevelta v Banskej Bystrici, Cesta k nemocnici 1, 975 17 Banská Bystrica.

What do I have to do after I am granted temporary residence in Slovakia?
You must enter the territory of Slovakia within 180 days after having been granted temporary residence.
Within 3 working days (Monday through Friday) from your arrival to Slovakia, you must report the beginning of your residence at your respective Alien Police Department LINK.
Within 3 working days from obtaining the residence document you have to obtain a health insurance policy.
Within 30 days from obtaining the residence document, it is also necessary to submit at the Alien Police Department a document on health insurance in Slovakia and a medical report not older than 30 days confirming that you do not suffer from any disease endangering public health.
If your residence permit was granted for the purpose of doing business in Slovakia, you must also submits Commercial Registry Extract within 60 days from collecting the residence document.

On what grounds can the authorities refuse to issue a residence permit for me?
The authorities will refuse to register your temporary residence if:

  • you are a persona non grata (unwanted person)

  • there are relevant suspicions that you would threaten the security of the state, the public order or the public health during your stay

  • you do not fulfil the conditions as outlined by the law

  • you have concluded a marriage of convenience

  • you stated untrue or misleading information, or submitted fake or altered documents

  • the data in your travel document does not match reality

  • it is not in the public interest for you to be granted temporary residence

  • it is apparent that your accommodation in Slovakia does not fulfil the minimum requirements

  • if the respective labour office does not agree with you filling the job vacancy

I’ve got residence permit in Slovakia and I want to travel abroad. Do I need to report my stay?
You are required to report to your respective Alien Police Department in writing if you are planning to stay outside Slovakia for 180 and more consecutive days. For shorter stays outside the country, reporting is not necessary. This applies to all third country nationals, both temporary and permanent residence holders. Only EU citizens are exempted from this obligation.

I got married or divorced. Do I need to report that to the authorities?
Yes, as a foreigner with a residence permit in Slovakia you are required to report any such change in your family status to your respective Alien Police Department. This can be done in person or in a letter.

My child was born during my stay in Slovakia. Do I need to register the newborn?
You have to apply for residence permit for your child within 90 days from her birth. If you fail to do this, her residence will be considered illegal. The Alien Police Department shall grant your child the temporary residence permit for the purpose of family reunion, if you were granted temporary residence permit or long-term residence. If you were granted permanent residence for five years or permanent residence for unlimited period of time, the police shall grant your child the same type of residence as you have.
If you wish to apply for residence for your newborn child, you must do so at your respective Alien Police department.
Together with the application you must submit:

  • a valid travel document of your child or your valid travel document in which your child is recorded ( The application will be accepted also without a valid travel document, you can submit it later),

  • the newborn’s birth certificate,

  • two colour photos (3 x 3.5 cm),

  • document on provision of the child’s accommodation,

  • document on financial coverage of her residence and

  • administrative fee €4.50 for issuing an ID.

In case one of the parents is a Slovak national, the child will get the Slovak citizenship automatically. The same applies if the child does not get any other citizenship by birth.
The procedure and the required documents are identical for children born to a married couple or outside marriage.

Do I need to carry my residence permit card with me at all times?
This obligation depends on your residential status. Only third country nationals are obliged to prove identity and rightfulness of their residence upon request of a police officer. They must be able to present their valid travel document (passport) and their residence document. Failure to do that is considered as an offence, which can be fined with up to €1,600.

What do I do if I need to prolong my residence permit in Slovakia?
To apply for a renewal of your temporary residence, you must come in person to your respective Alien Police department no later than the last day of the validity of your residence permit. It is required that the purpose for which the residence was granted still exists. Together with the application you must submit at least a valid travel document otherwise the police will not accept the application. In general, the application must be submitted together with one colour photograph (3 x 3.5 cm), documents proving the purpose of your residence, document on health insurance, document on your accommodation, document on financial coverage of your residence, administrative fee for renewal of your residence and administrative fee of €4.50 for issuing an ID.

My passport is about to expire. What do I do?
You need to request a new passport with the diplomatic representation of the country that issued your passport. After you get a new passport, you are required to report the change to your respective Alien Police Department within five working days (Mon - Fri).

Is there any emergency visa for those whose resident permit is expired and they have not received the new one yet?
If you submitted your application for the renewal of your residence no later than the last day of its validity, your current residence in Slovakia is considered legal until the decision on the new application.

We have answered the frequently asked questions about residence in Slovakia with the kind help of the Migration Information Centre of the International Organisation for Migration - MIC IOM.

Sources: Alien Police Department, IOM

Topic: Frequently asked questions


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