Archaeologists found a fortification tower and wooden bottom of Trnávka

There were more findings than they expected.

(Source: TASR/Lukáš Grinaj)

The construction of a multipurpose structure at the former car park between Anton Malatinský Stadium and a children's playground in Trnava is scheduled to start soon.

Before the construction itself, archaeologists took over the land. They wanted to find the remains of the wall and one of the towers of the Middle Age town’s fortification. They succeeded in finding both the tower and the wall and much more.

Looking for the remnants of Trnávka Stream

"As we assumed, we uncovered the base of the tower built in the 13th century,” said Róbert Ölvecky, the head of research from the Pamarch company, as quoted by the TASR newswire. “Its bases are created by so-called spiked work (Opus spicatum), very rare in case of Trnava.”

Such construction in bases was used to increase the stability of the construction, he said. Archaeologists were also lucky to find a cornerstone of the tower. Reinforced stone was probably used to strengthen the construction.

The tower used to be massive construction due to its volume, and Trnávka Stream could have caused it problems. The stream flowed under the fortification wall at the site where today's Paulínska Street is located, and the surrounding ground was waterlogged, Ölvecky said.

Archaeologists uncovered a floodgate, the opening where the water flpwed. They succeeded in finding wood that was laid down horizontally. They were round logs, attached by vertical posts.

Another wooden construction

After this finding, they decided to open a bigger part of the land in cooperation with Regional Monuments Board Trnava and research the flow of the Trnávka, the head archaeologists said. Several metres away, they found another wooden construction. It could have served as the reinforcement of the stream but it could have been a wharf or a footbridge as well.

Archaeologists said that this finding is located only in given space and there is no similar one in Trnava that he would know about.

Read alsoWhy is this ordinary looking stone a precious archaeological finding? Read more 

The age of both constructions and the time when trees where chopped down for this purpose, will be given by dendrochronological research.

The streambed of Trnávka was redirected in the first half of 20th century in this part and the original one was covered. However, Trnava inhabitants had probably thrown away waste behind their fortification walls centuries before.

“We found material that we can date back from the Middle Ages to modern history and many bones and horns of animals,” said Ölvecky, as quoted by TASR.

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