Slovakia remembers the Holocaust

On this day, it's been 78 years since the WWII-era Slovak state issued Jewish code.

(Source: TASR)

President Zuzana Čaputová called on people to be attentive when someone is spreading hatred towards minorities as a political programme.

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“And let’s be even more attentive when someone tries to show that hatred is a characteristic of the majority of Slovaks and that humanism and humanity are only hypocrisy,” the President wrote on her Instagram profile after she returned from the Holocaust Museum in Sereď. “Neither in that time, as we recall now, was it necessary to be a persuaded fascist to approve of inhumane acts.”

President Čaputová visited the museum on the occasion of the Memorial Day for Victims of the Holocaust and of Racial Violence.

Slovak history is not created only by victories and state-forming ideas that instill pride, she said, adding that the Holocaust is not only a Jewish tragedy, but a tragedy for all of us.

The Jewish Code

This year, it's been 78 years since the government of the wartime Slovak state issued the Order on Legal Status of Jews, also known as the Jewish Code, on September 9, 1941.

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The code enshrined the anti-Jewish laws of the regime. As a consequence, Jewish citizens were transformed into a socially dependant group by the end of 1941. The regime attempted to get rid of Jews through deportations.

Since 2001, September 9 has been marked as a Memorial Day for Victims of the Holocaust and an appeal to fight against all forms of racism, hatred, xenophobia and discrimination.

The transport of the first thousand Jewish women was despatched on March 25, 1942 from Poprad, the last transport on October 20 in the same year.

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The Slovak government paid 500 Reich marks for the deportation of every Jew, as Nazi Germany required.

57 transports headed to the area of Lublin and Auschwitz, 58,000 Jews taken to concentration camps. Only several hundreds survived. The second wave of deportations in autumn 1944 affected about 13,000 people.

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