High-skilled workers ready to take up jobs may be hard to come by in Slovakia. This is particularly true for IT professionals, the biggest Slovak job search website reports.
Yet, the IT sector is not the only one lacking a qualified workforce in Slovakia, even though it is the most prominent. Employers have encountered problems when looking to fill jobs in management, trade, economy and finance, administration, banking, electric technologies, energy and production, according to the Profesia. sk website. Experts add healthcare professionals, engineers, automotive industry specialists and teachers to professions that are most in demand.
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Market watchers see two plausible measures for improving the market’s condition – opening the labour market to migration as a short-term solution and, in the long term, thoroughly reforming Slovakia’s education system. Some are sceptical about whether the change will arrive soon enough. The competition in the neighbouring countries adds to their worries: if Slovakia does not catch up with its neighbours’ efforts to lure workers from abroad, its labour market will lag behind even more than it does already.
Moreover, the Covid-19 pandemic strengthened the demand for workers in some sectors, noted Martin Kahanec, founder and director of research at the non-governmental think tank Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI).
“There is a demand for employees who could adapt to new conditions, such as new digital smart technologies, who have a high stress tolerance, a high level of endurance, who are responsible and can work independently with a high level of self-discipline,” Kahanec told The Slovak Spectator.
IT even more in demand during the pandemic
Profesia spokesperson Nikola Richterová uses the example of the IT sector to show that the pandemic increased the use of new technologies, which subsequently increased the value and demand for IT specialists on the labour market. The sector suffered from a lack of qualified workers even before the pandemic hit.
“The IT sector has lacked a labour force ever since it was established,” Brian Fabo, an analyst with the National Bank of Slovakia, told The Slovak Spectator. “There is still a lack of people. Employers repeatedly say that they would be able to employ many more.”
Richterová noted that the huge competition on the side of employers forces companies to lower their demands. This is why the increasing number of offers is suitable for graduates.