Slovak population is getting older and smaller

The demographic development poses risks.

Slovakia is one of the most ageing countries in the European Union. It needs to adapt to the change in its population’s age structure.Slovakia is one of the most ageing countries in the European Union. It needs to adapt to the change in its population’s age structure. (Source: TASR)

The Slovak population is ageing, posing a challenge not only for the country’s pension scheme and health care but also the labour market. There will be fewer people able to work and fill state coffers. The unfavourable demographic development is a problem not only for the country and its economy, but also companies that are already complaining about the shortage of labour force.

Read also:New generations enter job marketRead more 

“Slovakia is going through a demographic change that western countries passed a long time ago,” Vladimír Baláž, economist from the Institute for Forecasting of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, told The Slovak Spectator. “Moreover, Slovakia’s big disadvantage is that its local current total fertility rate is far lower [than that of those countries] and immigration is very low. Thus, we do not have such possibilities for replacement of the population as developed countries like Germany, Great Britain or the Netherlands have had.”

As a result, Slovakia is one of the most ageing countries in the European Union.

Changing age structure

During the following decades, Slovakia will undergo a significant change in the age structure of its population as well as its size.

“The ageing of the population has already started,” the Council for Budget Responsibility wrote in its latest material published on September 18. “This is caused especially by the retirement of the strong post-war population and the arrival of the smaller generation of people born during the 1990s on the labour market.”

The rest of this article is premium content at Spectator.sk
Subscribe now for full access

I already have subscription - Sign in

Subscription provides you with:
  • Immediate access to all locked articles (premium content) on Spectator.sk
  • Special weekly news summary + an audio recording with a weekly news summary to listen to at your convenience (received on a weekly basis directly to your e-mail)
  • PDF version of the latest issue of our newspaper, The Slovak Spectator, emailed directly to you
  • Access to all premium content on Sme.sk and Korzar.sk

Top stories

News digest: Fear and anger are prevaling emotions in Slovakia, president said

Kočner and Zsuzsová charged with planning murders. PCR tests are free for symptomatic people.


5 h
President Zuzana Caputova delivers her state of the republic address in parliament on September 27, 2021.

President Čaputová: We need to protect this world and Slovakia's place in it

In her speech about the state of the republic, the president offered a grim summary of the pandemic so far. Slovakia is in desperate need of stability.


11 h
Ahmedur Rashid Chowdhury (aka Tutul)

Bratislava reminds me of Bangladesh, says exiled writer

Ahmedur Rashid Chowdhury calls on the Slovak capital to help exiled writers and artists work through their trauma.


16 h
Most Slovak believe that “we” should also include foreigners, although they are quick to point out that efforts to integrate should be undertaken mainly by the foreigners themselves.

What Slovaks shouldn’t forget when they dream of the perfect foreigner

Bratislava’s mayor is right that integration is a two-way street, but even the capital still has some way to go to see foreigners as residents rather than just visitors.


27. sep
Skryť Close ad